Nuclear Energy

Is nuclear energy the worlds energy savior?

What is nuclear energy?

Nuclear power plants create energy by splitting two uranium atoms,this generates heat for the water to heat up and form water vapor. There are two types of nuclear reactors in the US. A pressurized water reactor and a boiling water reactor. A pressurized water reactor heats up water with pressure than goes through steam generators and lastly going through a turbine to produce energy. A boiling water reactor is heated up with fission and boils down to steam. The energy is produced when going through a turbine.
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Birth of nuclear power

Nuclear power started when in 1938, two German scientists, Otto Hahn, Fritz Strassman and physicist Lise Meitner discovered that they could split an atom of uranium by bombarding it with neutrons. This causes a chain reaction realeasing neutrons and smaller uranium nuclei. This releases alot of energy.
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Nuclear power

Nuclear power is the worlds energy solution because it is extremely effective at producing power. On average a nuclear plant uses 200 tons of uranium annually where a coal energy plant would have to use 3 million tons of coal to produce the same energy. Nuclear energy produces almost no pollution aside from the toxic waste. On average a regular power plant produces 25 tons of high level toxic waste a year. Although toxic waste is dangerous most toxic waste has short half life and is not very dangerous. Coal powered energy plants produce 175,000 tons of sulfur and 5,000 tons of ash yearly. This is why coal powered energy plants are one of the top air pollution producers and nuclear power can fix this.
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Costs

Nuclear power is great at producing energy, but it has its problems. High level radiation toxic waste can be radioactive for thousands of years and this requires special storage. Also nuclear power plants have the potential to have a meltdown causing radioactive materials to be released into the air and a major health hazard to the surrounding environment. Although nuclear power is dangerous, most accidents are from mismanagement and bad plant design.
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Safety procedures

The trained scientists have a safety protocol to prevent nuclear disasters as showed in three mile island when the reactor melted down and no one was killed.

1. To shut down operating reactors

2. To cool down reactors so as to remove heat from nuclear fuel

3. To contain radioactive materials

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Nuclear monitoring

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Economy

The price of uranium is tiny compared to the total operating costs for nuclear power. As a result, these cost for uranium is predictable, unlike fossil fuels where prices can change. Also uranium is exetremly cheap at 50$ per pound.

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What would happen if nuclear power was abolished

If nuclear power was ilegal other power sources would be forced to produce more energy to cover up 20% of power that nuclear power came from. This would cause environmental damage because the runner up in most efficient power is coal and also jack up people's power bill.
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Quotes

1. No one in the United States has become seriously ill or has died because of any kind of accident at a civilian nuclear power plant.

2. There are 100 power plants in the US providing 20% of the US energy.

3.In the entire history of nuclear energy production, there have only been 3 major disasters - Three Mile Island, Fukushima and Chernobyl. In the past 25 years, there have been over 10 major disasters with fossil fuel energy- the largest of which was the no oil spill.

4. It can cost as much as 6 million to build a new reactor for an existing plant.

5. Nuclear power plants creates 1800 jobs at construction as well as 700 permanent jobs.

6. Some scientists estimate that a person receives 5 times as much radiation in a life time from sitting in front of a tv or computer as you would from living next to a nuclear station.

7. 1 kg of coal can power a light bulb for four days. In comparason nuclear power can power the same bulb for 685 years.