Unit 6 Vocab
Taylor Rust per.6
Hemispheric Defense Zone
FDR developed the hemispheric defense zone, which declared the western 1/2 of the Atlantic as part of the Western Hemisphere and therefore neutral. This allowed the U.S. Navy to patrol the western Atlantic Ocean. It also helped them reveal the location of the German submarines to the British.
Pearl Harbor was the big event that pushed the U.S. to join the war. On December 7th, 1941 was the day Japan suddenly and deliberately attack the U.S at Pearl Harbor. The U.S. was attacked by naval and air forcers. The U.S. lost 2,403 servicemen, 1,178 men were wounded, and188 planes were destroyed, and 18 ships were destroyed as well.
Rationing was when materials were only given out in a certain amount. Rationing was important during WW2 because it made sure everyone who wasn't fighting in the war had necessities, such as food, but also the troops. Due to the rationing of food and other materials, some people felt as if they were wasn't enough. Hence forth the black market came where others sold their rations for a higher price to others.
Zoot Suit Riot
Zoot Suits were seen as unpatriotic because they required too much fabric to make. A series of riots occurred in LA between the sailor and soldiers and Mexican youths during WW2 because of these suits. In these riots the suits were ripped off and burned by men all wearing panchuos. The Mexican youth were arrested on charges of disturbing peace.
James Doolittle responded to the Japanese Pearl Harbor attack by organizing a bombing mission on Tokyo. Japan was the one who named it the Doolittle Raid. The major two goals of the Doolittle Raid was to boost American morale after the Pearl Harbor attack and show that Japan was vulernable to attack.
Stalin was the leader of the Soviet union from the mid 1920s until his death in 1953. He played a role in both sides of the war. He first had alliance with Adolf Hitler, until Hitler broke their alliance by invading them. He then had the Soviet Union going the Allied side, with the U.S. in victory.
Douglas MacArthur was an American general best known for his command of Allied forces in the Pacific Theater during World War II. When the Philippines was taken over, President FDR told MacArthur to go into hiding. He did but promised he would return for his troops, which he did three years later.
Harry S. Truman
Harry S Truman was the vice president when FDR was still alive. Truman became president a month before the defeat of Germany. Truman played a key role in deciding on what would be done with the fight against Japan. Truman decided that the atomic bomb should be dropped on japan because he said it was "to save american lives" also because it would end the war more quickly.
African American servicemen were not allowed to fly until 1941. Finally when they were allowed to fly they were selected for what the Army called "an experiment". This "experiment" turned into the 99th Pursuit Squadron, an African American unit. They were all known as the Tuskegee Airmen.
Navajo Code Talkers
The Navajo Code Talkers transmitted vital messages during WW2. This was the only unbreakable military code. There was over 400 Navajos that served in the military corps as the code talkers. Because they were sworn to secrecy, their mission was not revealed until many years after the war.
The 442nd Regimental consisted of Japanese Americans. In May of 1943 about 1,500 Japanese Americans volunteers from the mainland and 3,000 from Hawaii joined together for training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Only in less then two years of combat, they earned more then 18,000 honors. The 442nd Regimental is the most decorated combat team in U.S. military history