Unit 6 Vocab

Taylor Rust per.6

Fascsim

Fascsim was a way of organizing a society in which a government ruled by a dictator controls the lives of the people and in which people are not allowed to disagree with the government.

Appeasement

The policy of making concessions to the dictatorial powers in order to avoid conflict.

Blitzkrieg

Hitler's surprise attacks. These were also known as lightning attacks due to the fact they happened randomly and so quickly.

Embargo

An embargo where was a country put an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country. The U.S put an embargo on oil and steel from Japan. They did this because Japan was interfering with the U.S. trying to maintain open trade policy.

2nd Great Migration

The 2nd Great Migration was when African Americans migrated to Northern industrial cities during WW2 for jobs.

Four Freedoms Speech

The Four Freedoms Speech is one of the most famous speeches in American history. The speech was an expression of of FDR's vision in which the American ideals of individuals liberties were extended throughout the world already engaged in the war.

Hemispheric Defense Zone

FDR developed the hemispheric defense zone, which declared the western 1/2 of the Atlantic as part of the Western Hemisphere and therefore neutral. This allowed the U.S. Navy to patrol the western Atlantic Ocean. It also helped them reveal the location of the German submarines to the British.

Pearl Harbor

Pearl Harbor was the big event that pushed the U.S. to join the war. On December 7th, 1941 was the day Japan suddenly and deliberately attack the U.S at Pearl Harbor. The U.S. was attacked by naval and air forcers. The U.S. lost 2,403 servicemen, 1,178 men were wounded, and188 planes were destroyed, and 18 ships were destroyed as well.

Rationing

Rationing was when materials were only given out in a certain amount. Rationing was important during WW2 because it made sure everyone who wasn't fighting in the war had necessities, such as food, but also the troops. Due to the rationing of food and other materials, some people felt as if they were wasn't enough. Hence forth the black market came where others sold their rations for a higher price to others.

Victory Gardens

Victory Gardens were created during WW2 to ensure that there was enough food to go around. Victory Gardens were widely supported through propaganda. They were created in back yards, and even on roof tops. Some were community victory gardens,instead of just a single one.

Zoot Suit Riot

Zoot Suits were seen as unpatriotic because they required too much fabric to make. A series of riots occurred in LA between the sailor and soldiers and Mexican youths during WW2 because of these suits. In these riots the suits were ripped off and burned by men all wearing panchuos. The Mexican youth were arrested on charges of disturbing peace.

Bracero Program

The Bracero Program was a program the encourage Mexican immigrants to come to the US to work in agriculture. The Braceros turned the agricultural fields of America into the most productive in the planet. The working conditions for the workers were very harsh and often unsafe.

Doolittle Raid

James Doolittle responded to the Japanese Pearl Harbor attack by organizing a bombing mission on Tokyo. Japan was the one who named it the Doolittle Raid. The major two goals of the Doolittle Raid was to boost American morale after the Pearl Harbor attack and show that Japan was vulernable to attack.

Island Hopping

General Douglas MacArthur created the idea of Island Hopping. His troops use island hopping to capture lightly defended islands through the Pacific one by one. This war strategy would get the U.S. within striking distance of Japan.

Operation Torch

The British/American invasion of French North Africa.

Operation Overload

Operation Overload was the code name for the landing in France and the start of the Liberation of France. This is also known as D-Day. The Allies planned the largest invasion of history of war. The Allies planned to invade the northern beaches of Normandy.

Manhattan Project

The top-secret program to create the atomic bomb. This program was led by General Groves. He organized a team of engineers and scientists to build an atomic bomb. And although the program was code named Manhattan, the secret laboratory was located in Los Alamos, New Mexico.

V-E Day

V-E Day stands for victory in Europe. May 8, 1945 is the official day proclaimed V-E Day. However it was May 7, 1945 when Germany gave its unconditional surrender.

V-J Day

V-J Day stands for Victory in Japan Day. V-J day was August 15, 1945. Due to the atomic bomb being dropped on Japan and also including the invasion of the Soviet Union, Japan turned to surrender. It was Emperor Hirohito who ordered his gov't to surrender.

Franklin D Roosevelt

FDR was the president during WW2. He presented his Four Freedoms Speech and the lend lease act during this time. And unfortunately to admit he did not get to see the end of the war.

Adolf Hitler

The german dictator during WW2. He is seen as the main reason that WW2 begun. He had a fierce hatred for jews.

Joseph Stalin

Stalin was the leader of the Soviet union from the mid 1920s until his death in 1953. He played a role in both sides of the war. He first had alliance with Adolf Hitler, until Hitler broke their alliance by invading them. He then had the Soviet Union going the Allied side, with the U.S. in victory.

Douglas MacArthur

Douglas MacArthur was an American general best known for his command of Allied forces in the Pacific Theater during World War II. When the Philippines was taken over, President FDR told MacArthur to go into hiding. He did but promised he would return for his troops, which he did three years later.

Winston Churchill

The British prime minister during WW2. He led his country from the brink of defeat to victory in WW2.

George Patton

Leader of the U.S third army in france and Germany.

Dwight Eisenhower

General Dwight Eisenhower he was a five star general during WW2 who later became the 34th president of the United States.

Harry S. Truman

Harry S Truman was the vice president when FDR was still alive. Truman became president a month before the defeat of Germany. Truman played a key role in deciding on what would be done with the fight against Japan. Truman decided that the atomic bomb should be dropped on japan because he said it was "to save american lives" also because it would end the war more quickly.

Rosie the Riveter

Rosie the Riveter was the propaganda figure that became a symbol to encourage women work in the factories. She was dressed in a blue button up, with her hair held up with a red and white handkerchief. By using these colors they expressed patriotism for the U.S.

Tuskegee Airmen

African American servicemen were not allowed to fly until 1941. Finally when they were allowed to fly they were selected for what the Army called "an experiment". This "experiment" turned into the 99th Pursuit Squadron, an African American unit. They were all known as the Tuskegee Airmen.

Navajo Code Talkers

The Navajo Code Talkers transmitted vital messages during WW2. This was the only unbreakable military code. There was over 400 Navajos that served in the military corps as the code talkers. Because they were sworn to secrecy, their mission was not revealed until many years after the war.

442nd Regimental

The 442nd Regimental consisted of Japanese Americans. In May of 1943 about 1,500 Japanese Americans volunteers from the mainland and 3,000 from Hawaii joined together for training at Camp Shelby, Mississippi. Only in less then two years of combat, they earned more then 18,000 honors. The 442nd Regimental is the most decorated combat team in U.S. military history

Neutrality Acts 1939

outlawed the selling of supplies to nations at war due to anti war sentiment.

Lend Lease Act

Roosevelt proposed the Lend Lease Act in his Four Freedoms speech. The lend lease act was where the U.S. would lend or lease arms to those in need during the war. This applied especially for Britain.

Executive Order 9066

The Executive Order 9066 forced Japanese Americans to relocate. Only Japanese Americans in the West Coast region were forced to relocate.

Korematsu vs United States

Fred Korematsu was the Japanese American who sued the United States. The Supreme Court justified the ruling against Korematsu by saying it was for national and military security.