Cell Organelles

By: Max Glover

Cell Theory

All living things are made of cells; Carry out functions needed for life; All cells come from preexisting cells

Organelles in a Cell

There are many organelles in a cell, but here are a few of the basic organelles and what they do in the cell.


Nucleus: Found in both plant and animal cell, the nucleus is the organelle that holds the DNA and tells the rest of the organelles what to do. It is like the mayor.

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Cell Membrane: The outer layer of the cell that lets in the good and lets out the bad. Found in both plant and animal cells.
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Cytoplasm: Found in both plant and animal cells. It is a jello-like liquid that holds the organelles in place.
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Ribosomes: Found in both plant and animal cells, ribosomes create proteins. They are like small factories.
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Mitochondria: Produce energy in the form of ATP. It breaks down sugar to produce the energy. Is where cellular respiration occurs. Found in both plant and animal cells.
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Vacuole: Store water and nutrients for the cell. It is like a storage warehouse. Plants have few large ones, while animal cells have many small ones.
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Golgi Apparatus: Groups together lipids and protein. Like a packaging plant. Found in both plant and animal cells.
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Endoplasmic Reticulum: Make proteins and are a transport to the Golgi body. Found in both plant and animal cells.
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Lysosomes: Recycle and break down waste. They are like recycling stations. Found in animal cells.
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Cell Wall: The outer layer of a plant cell that protects and keeps the structure of the cell. Found only in plant cells.
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Chloroplast: Convert the suns rays to energy that the plant cell can use. It is like a solar-power plant. Only found in plant cells.
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Body Organization

Cell-->Tissue-->Organ-->Organ System-->Organism

A group of cells make a tissue. The tissues get together and form all organs in our body. Then, all the organs together are the organ system. When you put all that together, you get an organism.

Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells

Prokaryotic cells do not have a nucleus. The genetic material is in the cytoplasm. They also lack a cell membrane and wall. Antibiotics kill them because the genetic material is in the cytoplasm and not protected by the nuclear membrane. Ex. Bacteria

Eukaryotic cells are the cells we are made of. They have a nucleus, so antibiotics do not work on them because they cannot get to the nucleus. They also have a cell membrane and/or cell wall. Ex. plant and human cells.

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