Wound Care Guide
By: Jordan Silveira
Types of Wounds:
Step by Step: Caring for Wounds
Use universal precautions: all wounds should be treat as though they have been contaminated with blood-borne pathogens. The first step is to is ALWAYS to put on gloves! To minimize infection, clean wound with copious amounts of soap and water and sterile solution.
Always use a sterile dressing to cover a wound. Antibacterial ointments are effective in limiting bacterial growth and preventing wound from sticking to dressing.
Steps to Control External Bleeding
1. Direct Pressure
- Pressure on wound with gauze
- If blood comes through, do not remove gauze, add more
- Elevate above heart if possible- slows bleeding
- Continue pressure
3. Pressure Points
- Apply pressure to an artery to decrease blood flow to an area
- 2 main options: brachial artery- upper arm and femoral artery- top of thigh
When are Sutures (Stitches) Needed?
Are Sutures (Stitches) Necessary?
Deep laceration, incisions and occasionally punctures most commonly require stitches. They may be needed if wound edges cannot be easily pushed back together. The decision should be made by a physician. Sutures should be used within 12 hours. Can use steri-strips if stitches are not required.