English Theatre

By: Liam Patterson, Molli Fellows, Sam Frias

Outline

Outlines on "The Theatre"

Intro

Theatre played a huge part in the English Renaissance. It was the main form of entertainment during that time period. The Globe Theatre was among the most famous of playhouses which was originally called "the Theatre". James Burbage, an English entrepreneur and father of famous actor Richard Burton, was the founder and creator of the Globe theatre. The great William Shakespeare's plays were preformed mostly at the Globe Theatre.

James Burbage

Liam Patterson

Mrs. Sullivan

English CP A III

March 18, 2014

James Burbage

James Burbage was born in 1531 at Stratford-Upon-Avon. James started his career as a joiner, experienced in carpentry. Later on in his career he changed his profession to acting and working in theater. In 1572 he became head of the Robert Dudley acting troupe. Two years later he became the first Englishman to obtain a theatrical license and became very serious about his role as a theatrical entrepreneur and manager. Soon after he built the very first theatre in England with his brother-in-law John Brayne, named “The Theatre”.

The theatre was designed as a construction which was similar to a small Roman amphitheater- The Elizabethan Amphitheatre. Plays featured props such as cannons for more effect. He also made a larger stage area for the actors so they could move more freely. The other important feature was the cobble yard. The Theatre opened in 1577 and was a huge success.

Besides managing, Burbage also trained and selected the Theatre’s company of actors. “Burbage continued to enjoy success, and he sought in 1596 to expand his business by turning part of the old Dominican monastery in London (known as Blackfriars) into an indoor playhouse called the Blackfriars Theatre. However, the strong opposition of neighboring residents delayed the opening of the theater until after Burbage's death” (Wagner). After suffering the stresses of a stressful and difficult birthing process at Blackfriars theatre, James Burbage died in the spring of 1597.

William Shakespeare

Samantha Frias ​​​​​​​​​

​​​​William Shakespeare

​William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564, in Stratford-on-Avon. William was

educated at the King Edward IV Grammar School in Stratford, where he learned Latin and a

little Greek, The son of John Shakespeare and Mary Arden. At 18 years old William married

Anne Hathaway 8 years older than him. Together they raised two daughters: Susanna, who was

born in 1583, and Judith born in 1585.

​During his early life there are not any note of what Shakespeare was doing during his

early life, Shakespeare may have taught at school during this period, but it seems more

reasonable that shortly after 1585 he went to London to begin his apprenticeship as a actor. In

1594, Shakespeare joined the Lord Chamberlain's company of actors, the most popular of the

companies acting at Court. William Shakespeare is considered to be the greatest playwright of

all time.

​His plays were mainly histories and comedies as 'Henry VI', 'Titus Andronicus', 'A

Midsummer Night's Dream', 'The Merchant of Venice' and 'Richard II'. The tragedy, 'Romeo and

Juliet'. In 1598 the author Francis Meres said Shakespeare as England’s greatest writer in

comedy and tragedy. William died on 23 April 1616 at the age of 52 and was buried in Holy

Trinity Church in Stratford. William Shakespeare is known for his works and his amazing career,

he was truly a great writer and his plays will forever be remembered. We will never forget

about his players and what he brought to now a day writers.