Dyslexia

Nervous System Disorder

A.What is it?

1.Description of the disorder:

A general term for disorders that involve difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters, and other symbols, but that do no affect general intelligence.

2.Describe the symptoms experienced by a person who has the disorder:

-Late talking

-Learning new words slowly

-Delay in learning to read

-Cognitive: difficulty memorizing, difficulty spelling, or difficulty thinking and understanding

-Developmental: learning disability or speech delay in child

-Also common: delayed reading ability, headache, or speech impairment

3.Explain how the disorder is diagnosed: Usually self- diagnosable or a dyslexia evaluation can be taken

4.Determine how common the disease is: It is the most common cause of reading, writing, and spelling difficulties. Of people with reading difficulties, 70-80% are likely yo have some form of dyslexia . It is estimated that between 5-10% of the population has dyslexia, but this number can be as high as 17%

B. How does a person get it?

1. What biological factors influence the chance that the person will get the disorder:Dyslexia is the late or abnormal development of literacy skills caused by a neurological difference, areas in the brain dealing with those processes usually have less activity

2. Is there a genetic component to this disorder?: Research suggests that there is a high level of hereditary susceptibility to dyslexia, with several chromosomes identified as playing a role in the (abnormal) development of information processing.

3. Is it influenced by environmental factors: Dyslexia develops from a neurologically based specificity. It depends on the environmental factors, to what extent and in which areas this divergence will appear as a disorder. External circumstances will decide whether it will be an illness or an efficient mode of dealing with things. If people did not have to write, read and count, dyslexia would not exists. Therefore, like many other syndromes, dyslexia, too, is culture-dependent.

C.What's going wrong?

1. What fundamentally is going "wrong" in the nervous system to cause this disorder: Less gray and white matter are found in the regions of the brain that are need to carry out normal functions.

2.Is a specific neurotransmitter or chemical imbalance altered in the disorder: No the variations of the disease are different for everyone.

D.Can we treat it?

1. Describe current treatments for the disorder:Dyslexia is not curable but treatment may help. Most children with dyslexia can succeed in school with tutoring or a specialized education program. Also may last for years or lifelong.

2. Explain how those treatments manage the symptoms or correct the neurotransmitter alteration: Treatments help people cope and adjust to dyslexia but does not change how the brain processes work.

E.How does it affect the life of the patient and patient's family

1. Evaluate how having the disorder and being treated for the disorder affect the quality of life of a person who has the disorder, and the people who care for them: Without diagnosis it can be very frustrating because the parent or teacher might think that the child doesn't want to do the work but when the disease is discovered after extra help and practice the person can adjust very well with the disease but if its not addresses by 2nd grade it is a lot harder to cope with the disease.

F. Additional facts

-People with dyslexia are born with dyslexia

-The symptoms aren't always what you think they are

-Even if a teacher says your child is reading on grade level, he/she still may have dyslexia

-The school's testing for learning disability is not the same as a dyslexia evaluation

-Accommodations are not the same thing as instruction

-The program is less important than the person delivering it

The way a program is delivered is as important as the program itself

-More boys than girls get dyslexia

-People with dyslexia are usually more creative and have a higher level of intelligence

- Those with dyslexia use only the right side of the brain to process language, while non-dyslexics use three areas on the left side of the brain to process language

Celebrities who have dyslexia

-Bella Thorne

-Whoopi Goldberg

-Albert Einstein

-Thomas Edison

-Jennifer Aniston

-Muhammad Ali

-Orlando Bloom

-Jim Carrey

-Alexander Graham Bell

-Leonardo da Vinci

-Tommy Hilfiger

-Cher

-George Washington

Henry Ford

G. Works Cited

-"11 Facts About Dyslexia." 11 Facts About Dyslexia. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016

-"Dyslexia - Google Search." Dyslexia - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016