Nervous System Disorder
A.What is it?
A general term for disorders that involve difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters, and other symbols, but that do no affect general intelligence.
2.Describe the symptoms experienced by a person who has the disorder:
-Learning new words slowly
-Delay in learning to read
-Cognitive: difficulty memorizing, difficulty spelling, or difficulty thinking and understanding
-Developmental: learning disability or speech delay in child
-Also common: delayed reading ability, headache, or speech impairment
3.Explain how the disorder is diagnosed: Usually self- diagnosable or a dyslexia evaluation can be taken
4.Determine how common the disease is: It is the most common cause of reading, writing, and spelling difficulties. Of people with reading difficulties, 70-80% are likely yo have some form of dyslexia . It is estimated that between 5-10% of the population has dyslexia, but this number can be as high as 17%
B. How does a person get it?
2. Is there a genetic component to this disorder?: Research suggests that there is a high level of hereditary susceptibility to dyslexia, with several chromosomes identified as playing a role in the (abnormal) development of information processing.
3. Is it influenced by environmental factors: Dyslexia develops from a neurologically based specificity. It depends on the environmental factors, to what extent and in which areas this divergence will appear as a disorder. External circumstances will decide whether it will be an illness or an efficient mode of dealing with things. If people did not have to write, read and count, dyslexia would not exists. Therefore, like many other syndromes, dyslexia, too, is culture-dependent.
C.What's going wrong?
2.Is a specific neurotransmitter or chemical imbalance altered in the disorder: No the variations of the disease are different for everyone.
D.Can we treat it?
2. Explain how those treatments manage the symptoms or correct the neurotransmitter alteration: Treatments help people cope and adjust to dyslexia but does not change how the brain processes work.
E.How does it affect the life of the patient and patient's family
F. Additional facts
-The symptoms aren't always what you think they are
-Even if a teacher says your child is reading on grade level, he/she still may have dyslexia
-The school's testing for learning disability is not the same as a dyslexia evaluation
-Accommodations are not the same thing as instruction
-The program is less important than the person delivering it
The way a program is delivered is as important as the program itself
-More boys than girls get dyslexia
-People with dyslexia are usually more creative and have a higher level of intelligence
- Those with dyslexia use only the right side of the brain to process language, while non-dyslexics use three areas on the left side of the brain to process language
Celebrities who have dyslexia
-Alexander Graham Bell
-Leonardo da Vinci
G. Works Cited
-"Dyslexia - Google Search." Dyslexia - Google Search. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2016