History

Sherman Antitrust Act




The Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) was the first measure passed by the U.S. Congress to prohibit monopolies. Congress did this because monopolies prevent competition on the particular industry by lower the prices so low that small companies could not be able to compete with them, so they drifted into bankruptcy. I would be proud of this because it gave change to small companies to do business.

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The Invention of the Light Bulb

In 1879, Thomas Edison invented the worlds first electric light bulb. Edison invented it by accident, but he developed it to be practical, safe and economical for home use.

This was a good thing because thanks to this people could work in the dark and there were no need to light rooms with fire so it also lowered fires.

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The first transcontinental railroad

The first Transcontinental railroad was built in 1869. It started from from Iowa and ended in Sacramento, California. That was a good because it made possible to travel from coast to coast easily and faster than ever before. It also gave many jobs to people and it helped trading in the U.S.
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Ellis Island

Ellis Island is located in the coast of New York City. It opened in 1892 as a federal immigration station. every immigrant from Europe had to come through that island and authorities made sure that immigrants meets the requirements. I think that this was not a good because people often lived in very bad conditions and had to wait long times in the island.

Tenements

Immigrants usually lived in tenements. They were small living apartments with usually only one room for whole family. There was no running water, no windows, no own bathroom or water pumps and there was trash and waste everywhere. air were polluted. Tenements were also good and bag things because although living conditions were bad, it was still better than being on the streets without home or shelter.
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Chinese Exclusion Act

It was a law by president Chester A. Arthur. It effectively halted Chinese immigration for ten years and prohibited Chinese from becoming US citizens. It was enacted in economic fears.

That was a bad thing because it put Chinese immigrants for different positions than US citizen and it made Chinese immigrants life harder.

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Skyscrapers

Skyscrapers were designed to be built in center of big cities, because land was expensive so it was cheaper and better to built high buildings. the first Skyscrapers were built on beginning of 19th century. It was a good thing because building them gave jobs and it made center of cities more closer. Skyscrapers also forced to invent more inventions, like a elevator.
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growth of cities

People form countryside and immigrants moved to cities. Population of cities growth really much and people had to live in a small apartments. Countryside depopulated in some places and services and jobs moved with people to cities. That was a both good and bad thing because cities did grow and services were closer than ever. But crimes also crimes increased in poor neighborhood and there were trash on the streets.
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cultural advance

When people from different cities moved to one city, many different culture come together. Culture from Countryside, Europe and Asia mixed together. Clothing, music, food and many more things changed. That was a good thing because now people had change to get known with different cultures without traveling across the world. It also changed how people saw the world and made usually people more open.
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Food and Drug Act

Food and Drug Acts main purpose was to ban foreign and interstate traffic in adulterated or mislabeled food or drug products. It was placed because usually food and drugs were shipped from far away, and people could not know if the food or drug were bad for you. I was a good thing because it prevent people to die or getting sick because of food or drug which doesn't meet decent condition.
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Financial Panic

Started in October, 1907, When New York Stock Exchange 50% from last year peak. Panic occurred and recession starts. Numerous banks and business drove into bankruptcy. This was a bad thing because people lost their jobs and savings, but also caused some good things. Financial panic leads to the creation of the Federal Reserve System, which tries to prevent things like that happen a gain.
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Alice Paul

She was a feminist, women's right activist and suffragist and the main leader of the 1910s campaign for the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. thats prohibits sex discrimination in the right to vote. It was a positive things because she affected to gender equality, and got right to vote for women.
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Spanish American war

in 1898, United States and Spain declared to war against each other. Causes for this war was mainly that United States wanted Cuba to get their independence, but Spain wanted to keep it. other big reason were explosion of USS Maine, Ship which were exploded near cuban coast and USA blamed it on Spain. This was a good thing because Cuban really deserved their independence and Spain shouldn't control them.
The Spanish-American War: Every Day

Yellow Journalism

Yellow journalism was a style of newspaper reporting that focused more on their stories and often skipped over facts. It was bad thing because it dint really not told the truth and part of the people still believed it. It was one reason to Spanish American war
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the Panama Canal

The Panama Canal were officially opened in 1914. It was built so ships would not have to round the whole continental. U.S. bought the project from France. Colombia signed a treaty with U.S. to give permission to built on their sovereign territory. It was good thing because now ship didn't have to round the whole South-America which was dangerous and expensive.
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Wilson calls for war

Wilson wants to go war and ask congress to vote about it, after Germany has sunk the Lusitania and killed over 100 americans. Congress says yes and United states go for it.

It was a bad thing because World War one was not really United States business and they did not fight on their ground so they did not have a good reason for it.






"He Kept us Out of War."

- Democratic slogan used on behalf of President Wilson during the 1916 presidential election.



"The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty. We have no selfish ends to serve. We desire no conquest, no dominion. We seek no indemnities for ourselves, no material compensation for the sacrifices we shall freely make. We are but one of the champions of the rights of mankind. We shall be satisfied when those rights have been made as secure as the faith and the freedom of nations can make them.... It is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war, into the most terrible and disastrous of all wars, civilization itself seeming to be in the balance. But the right is more precious than peace, and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our hearts—for democracy, for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own governments, for the rights and liberties of small nations, for a universal dominion of right by such a concert of free peoples as shall bring peace and safety to all nations and make the world itself at last free."

- President Woodrow Wilson, Address to Congress, 2 April 1917.



"This is not peace. It is an armistice for 20 years."

Selective Service Act

Congress passes the Selective Service Act authorizing the draft. It means that federal government is authorized to raise a national army for the American entry into World War 1. If you were 21 to 30 and you were male you had to go.

This was a bad thing because people who were against war had to go for it if he meets the requirements but necessarily people who stand for it didn't have to go.

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14 points declared

Wilson lists his 14 points to war-free world, including league of nations. It was a good thing because it had important things, including freedom of the seas which would make trading easier and independence of Poland because the nations needed own country
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