Town Crier of the North

Events of the 1800s

Industrial Revolution Begins

The Industrial Revolution has been giving many impacts, both positive and negative, on citizens. Many textile industries began to form during this period. Before textile industries were created, many people would have made textiles at home where merchants would purchase them. The textile industry helps produce more textiles in a shorter amount of time. We all owe our gratitude to Samuel Slater, who is perhaps known as the "Father of the American Industrial Revolution." He helped create the textile industries in America, which he took from Britain. Along with Samuel Slater, Eli Whitney is also an important figure when you mention the Industrial Revolution. He created the cotton gin, which removes the seeds from cotton at a faster pace. With this cotton gin, the textile industry is able to use the large amounts of cotton to create textiles for people to purchase. Goods, mostly fabric or cloth related, has been produced massively than before. All of these new creations have helped give America a start on a better economy.

The impact on factories

Factories has always been a huge part of America's economy and has been even more important after the Industrial Revolution. Most factories needed workers to produce the goods, and this is when systems came in. There are two types of systems that are currently being used in the factories of America, the Lowell System and the Rhode Island System. The Lowell System, created by Francis Lowell, suggests that factories should hire unmarried women instead of a whole family. This system also used water (hydro) powered textile mills which used water powered looms created by Lowell himself. Many of the women in the mills called themselves the "mill girls." The Rhode Island System is the other system used by textile industries. Samuel Slater, the Father of the American Industrial Revolution, created the system. This system insisted that the whole family worked in the mills and had the factory divided into simple tasks. This allowed Mr. Slater to fill in his labor at a lower cost. Not only did this system include families, but it also included children. Most of the children working at the mills earned very low wages. The systems also had negative impacts, such as labor reforms and trade unions. Trade unions and labor reforms were associations (made up of workers) that are organized to negotiate over something related to work. Some of the people who protested were called luddites. These people would protest by destroying machinery used at the factory. Most of the negotiations were mostly about wages, hours, and working conditions. The new systems continue to give an impact on people, whether it is negative or positive.

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