From Liberal Empire to the Third Republic
The Fall of the Liberal Empire
Conflicts and Political Reorganization
The Parisians resented what they had regarded as a betrayal in Versailles. They elected a new municipal government, which was called the Paris Commune. It was proclaimed March 28, 1871.
This Commune was intended to administer Paris separately from France as a whole. Radicals and socialists all participated in the Commune.
In April, the National Assembly surrounded Paris with an army, and bombarded the city on May 8. On May 21, the bombardment broke through the city’s defenses. Over the span of seven days, the troops managed to kill 20,000 inhabitants.
The National Assembly destroyed particular political tendencies of Paris, and those of any other French community.
July 19, 1870-May 10, 1871
Who was involved: France and Prussia
Why it started: Otto von Bismarck thought it was necessary to arose German nationalism in the people, and spark the unification of a German empire.
“I knew that a Franco-Prussian War must take place before a united Germany was formed.” Otto von Bismark
How it ended: The French were defeated at the battle of Sedan. Napoleon III was captured and exiled to England. Germany proclaimed themselves an empire in Versailles.
2. What was the final form of government instituted in 1870?
3. The monarchists in the National Assembly where torn over what decision?