Tetanus

By: Bailyn Alt

What Is Tetanus?

"Tetanus is a serious illness caused by Clostridium bacteria. The bacteria live in soil, saliva, dust, and manure. The bacteria can enter the body through a deep cut, like those you might get from stepping on a nail, or through a burn." (MedlinePlus)

Symptoms

  • Mild lock of the jaw
  • Spasms in the Chest, neck, back, and abdominal muscles.
  • Back muscle often cause arching. (Wiki)

Trensmission

Tetanus can not be passed on by people, but a person can get infected with dirt entering a wound or a cut. (Wiki)

Treatment/Cure

There are 2 kinds of Tetanus, mild and severe these are some thing you should take to help.

Mild

  • "Tetanus immunoglobulin IV or IM.
  • Metronidazole IV for 10 days
  • diazepam."

Severe

  • "Magnesium IV to prevent muscle spasm." (Wiki)

Prevention

Vaccination with tetanus toxoid every 10 years for adults. DPT vaccine which also includes vaccines against diptheria and petussis. 7 and up should TD vaccine (tetanus and diphtheria) commonly used. And by talking with your doctor about the vaccine. (Wiki)

Facts/History

In 1884, Arthur Nicolaier isolated the toxoin of tetanus.

In 1897, Edmond Nocard showed that tetanus anti-toxoin induced passive immunity in humans.

In 1924, P. Descombey created a toxoin vaccine and was widley used to prevent tetanus in World War II. (Wiki)

Effect on the human body systems.

  1. Digestive- It can effect the system.
  2. Excretory- The nutrients gets taken out of the body.
  3. Respiatory- It get's really hard to breath do to the back and muscle tightning.
  4. Circulatory- Toxoin affects the bloodstream to the brian and the nervos system. (Wiki)