Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Gorbachev changes the Soviet Union.

Young Face in Politics

In 1985 Mikhail Gorbachev was general secretary of the communist party. November 1988 Gorbachev came into power as president of the Supreme Soviet. Gorbachev served then until 1991 when he was forced out of office by Boris Yeltsin.

Gorbachev Takes Action

Mikhail Gorbachev had a very influential impact on the nuclear arms race. He planned to withdraw Soviet troops from the Warsaw Treaty Organization countries. This later brought about several political changes in those countries.

Gorbachev also worked on reducing nuclear arms in Europe. Mikhail met with the President of the United States (Ronald Reagan) at that time and decided to eventually eliminate all nuclear weapons.

With all Good Comes Bad

Despite his work with the nuclear arms race, Gorbachev worked on many other things. He had a plan to make democracy grow within his country, along with a free market economy. He did this by opening soviet political and economic systems with local elections. He also was less restrictive on civil society groups. He made more non-state run businesses.


Unfortunately, along with these actions came violence. There were armed wars with ethnic groups against each other. Along with much criticism from citizens and political figures.

Results of his Actions Today

Because of the efforts made by Mikhail Gorbachev there is no longer a Cold War going on today. There is also a new government in action. Former communist states collapsed as a result as well.

Biography: Mikhail Gorbachev A Man Who Changed the World Part 1