W.E.B. Du Bois
The Early Civil Rights Movement
Life and Accomplishment
The Soul of Black Folk
A collection of 14 Of Du Bois' essays, on African American culture.
Du Bois' first experience with Southern Racism was at Tisk University in Tennessee, during a fundraiser.
The Niagara Movement
A group of Civil rights Activists -- including Du Bois-- join together to form The Niagara Movement
Experiences and Major Accomplishments
Du Bois accomplished many things in his pursuit for civil equality. Du Bois wrote and had published many works of literature, in one of his more prominent works he published 14 of his Essays on the genius and humanity of the "black race". Many historians or authors of literature pertaining to the civil rights movements of African Americans have compared the importance of Du Bois' essays to that of landmark pieces like "uncle Tomas's cabin".
In 1892, Du Bois received a fellowship to attend the University of Berlin for graduate work. During his stay in Berlin, Du Bois enjoyed extensive travel throughout Europe. Du Bois studied extensively with many of Germany's greatest social scientists, to later become a graduate of Harvard University, and the first African American to receive a Ph.D and be granted the title of "Doctor".
Du Bois and a group of other African American a Civil Rights Activists formed the Niagara Movement in 1905. The group first organized a meeting near Niagara Falls in Canada, there the group composed a declaration of principles, which opposed the Atlanta compromise. Due to media sympathy with Washington, Du Bois took it upon himself to acquire a printing press and began to self-distribute the "Moon Illustrated Weekly" which was used a a way for Du Bois to attackWashington's position on civil rights, the magazine also doubled as the very first African American weekly magazine. The magazine, however, only lasted about eight months before dissolving.
Du Bois and His Legacy
W.E.B. Du Bois was a very philosophical man, his ideas on racial equality, very extreme and revolutionary at the time, would be the foundation of later ideas and movements for civil equality. Du Bois is quoted as saying the following:
-"The power of the ballot we need in sheer defense, else what shall save us from a second slavery?"
-"A little less complaint and whining, and a little ore dogged work and manly striving, would do us more credit than a thousand civil rights bills."
-"To be a poor man is hard, but to be a poor race in a land of dollars ins the very bottom of hardships."
Lewis, pp. 143, 155.
Lewis, pp. 180–181.
Logan, Rayford Whittingham (1997), The Betrayal of the Negro, from Rutherford B. Hayes to Woodrow Wilson, Da Capo Press, pp. 275–313.
Lewis, p. 191.