Colony: Rhode Island

-Isabella Wilkins

History:

Rhode Island is a New England colony, Puritans formed this colony. Puritans were the Pilgrims who arrived in Plymouth in 1620. The Puritans grew larger by helping build Massachusetts. Puritans thought Massachusetts was too selective and not enough so they formed the colony named Rhode Island. Everyone, even Jews enjoyed how they could have religious freedom in this colony. It was founded in 1636. Its capital is Providence and it's bordering the Atlantic Ocean.
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Specific Location and Climate:

-located on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean

- Mountains, trees, rivers, coast, poor rocky soil that is difficult to farm and produce crops, mild short summers, long cold winters.

Major Industries and Trade:

- industries including fishing since farming was difficult, ship building, agriculture (livestock, dairy, fishing), manufacturing included lumbering, breweries, and producing rum.

- trade included things like ship building, export of rum, whiskey, and beer, fish/ whale products, timber products, furs, maple syrup, horses, and copper.

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Goverment:

-governed as Charter Colony

-Classified as a New England Colony

religion:

Religion:

United States

Percent Religious = 48.78%

Catholic= 19.43%

LDS= 2.03%

Baptist= 9.30%


Rhode Island

Percent Religious= 54.81%

Catholic= 45.05%

LDS= 0.38%

Baptist= 1.66%


This colony became a place for people to come that got persecuted for their religious beliefs. Rhode Island had complete religious freedom in colonial times and still does today. Anabaptists, Quakers, and Jews settled in Rhode Island. Rhode Island was the first to form a baptists church in America.

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Which European countries originally had settlements in Rhode Island?

The Italian

The French

Dutch

British

Native American


-Indians including the Wampanoag, Narragansett, and Niantic tribes occupied this colony in early times. But they were killed by diseases found through contact with French settlers and through warfare with the Europeans.

-In 1636 Roger Williams was banished from Masschusetts for religious views came to Rhode Island and found religious freedom. Soon after in 1638 after talking to Williams, more people came to this colony for religious freedom.

-The relationship between New Englanders and Indians was first strained, but didn't result in much bloodshed.

MAJOR EVENTS that changed RI:

(1524) Giovanni de Verrazano explored Narragansett Bay and coastline

(1625) Dutch established temporary trading post on Dutch Island, traded with local Indians

(1639) Nation's first Baptist church founded

(1643) Roger Williams received parliamentary patent for Providence, Portsmouth, Newport colony, confirmed fellow settlers' land claims

(1647) Rhode Island united with Providence, formed a single government

(1652) Colony plagued by local Indian wars

(1663) King Charles II granted charter for Rhode Island, Providence Plantations

King Philip's War (1675-76) took an especially heavy toll on Rhode Island. More than 600 settlers and several thousand Native Americans were killed. Dozens of villages were left in smoking ruins. Roger Williams personally witnessed the torching of Providence, which burned down 40 years of effort.

(1676) Wampanoag Indian chief, King Philip, executed; King Philip's War ended

(1686) King James II suspended charter, ordered Rhode Island to submit to Dominion of New England

(1689) William of Orange became King, Rhode Island resumed government under 1663 charter

1700s

(1769) British sloop Liberty torched in Newport Harbor in protest of British taxes

(1774) Connecticut, Rhode Island prohibited further importing of slaves

(1776) Rhode Island first American colony to declare indendence from Britain

(1776) Stephen Hopkins, Chief Justice & Governor of Rhode Island signed the Declaration of Independence

(1779) British forces evacuated Rhode Island

(1780 - 1781) French troops occupied Newport

(1783) Catholics received same rights as Protestants

(1784) Emancipation Act passed; provided for gradual abolition of slavery

(1790) Rhode Island became Nation's 13th state; Samuel Slater founded first textile mill in U.S.

1800s

(1843) State constitution adopted

(1861 - 1865) 25,236 Rhode Islanders fought in Civil War; 1,685 died

(1866) Racial segregation abolished

1900s

(1935) The "Bloodless Revolution" - Democrats replaced Republican dominance in House and Senate

(1936) Rhode Island celebrated 300 year anniversary

(1938) Hurricane killed about 600, caused signifcant damages

(1954) Hurricane Carol struck, 19 killed, 3,800 homes lost, over $90,000,000 in damages

(1978) Blizzard of 78 worst snowstorm in history, 21 lives lost

(1980) Claudine Schneider first woman elected to Congress

(1989) World Prodigy, 500-foot tanker, spilled millon gallons of fuel near Newport

(1996) Tug towing barge caught fire, millions of gallons of fuel oil spilled near South Kingstown

2000s

(2009) Prostitution outlawed

(2010) Rainstorms caused flooding, forced thousands from homes, property damage over $200 million

(2011) State Senate approved bill allowing civil unions for gay couples

(2011) Hurricane Irene knocked down trees, power lines, left over 500,000 without power

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Importnant people to the development of the colony, Rhode Island:

Giovanni de Verrazano explored Narragansett Bay and coastline

John Smith and Adriaen Block sailed along the coastline (the latter naming Block Island after himself)

William Blackstone first Rhode Island settler

Roger Williams founded Providence on land received from Indians

Anne Hutchison founded Portsmouth after being banished from Massachusetts for heresy

Roger Williams received parliamentary patent for Providence, Portsmouth, Newport colony, confirmed fellow settlers' land claims

King Charles II granted charter for Rhode Island, Providence Plantations

Wampanoag Indian chief, King Philip, executed; King Philip's War ended

King James II suspended charter, ordered Rhode Island to submit to Dominion of New England

William of Orange became King, Rhode Island resumed government under 1663 charter

British revenue schooner, Gaspee, torched at Warwick

Stephen Hopkins, Chief Justice & Governor of Rhode Island signed the Declaration of Independence

Rhode Island became Nation's 13th state; Samuel Slater founded first textile mill in U.S.

President Rutherford Hayes tested new telephone, call from Rocky Point to Providence, distance 8 miles

Claudine Schneider first woman elected to Congress

Why would anyone want to settle in the colony Rhode Island?

-Alot of people wanted to settle there because of the religious freedom they could have.

-the fact that it was similar to areas in New England, it was and is a beautiful state.

- it's a self governed colony, recieved the most liberal royal charter ever granted.

-The certain jobs like fishing, ship building, and agriculture is another reason someone might want to live on this beautiful colony.

- because of the climate

- its by the ocean

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