Toxicology & Controlled Substances

What is a controlled substance?

A controlled substance is a substance or drug that is regulated by the government.

Examples of Controlled Substances:


  1. Morphine is a narcotic pain reliever for severe pain, but not for regular use.
  2. It can become addictive if used regularly or in high amounts, potentially leading to overdose and death.
  3. When used properly it can help relieve severe pain.


1. Marijuana is used as a psychoactive recreational drug for medical or religious purposes.

2. Just like cigarettes, marijuana can become addictive to some people or can become a compulsive act to others. Too much can cause the same damaging effects as cigarettes, such as chronic lung problems, cancer, and can even produce psychosis.

3. With proper use, this substance can help relieve the effects of cancer, nausea, pain, muscle spasms, weight loss, seizures, HIV/AIDS, and Glaucoma.


  1. Ecstasy is a synthetic, psychoactive drug used as a psychedelic to senses-enhancing stimulant.
  2. It can become addictive and is potentially harmful to one's mental and physical health. It can produce confusion, depression, loss of sleep, a loss in control of body temperature, and many other potentially lethal side effects. Even withdrawal from the drug can result in depression, fatigue, loss of appetite, and a struggle to concentrate.
  3. Ecstasy is a illegal drug that is not permitted in any way for medical use or in any beneficial way.

Federal Analog Act

The Federal Analog Act says that any substance similar to a regulated substance is to be treated as that regulated substance only if intended for human consumption.

Consequences for Abusing a Controlled Substance

Abusing a controlled substance can most of the time result in addiction. Depending of the drug, a vast array of side effects can occur that can have a damaging effect on one's mental and physical health. Addictions cause you to become dependent on drugs, and withdrawal can lead to depression, anxiety, or even suicide.