Cancer

Facts you may not know about cancer

Introduction

Cancer is important to be aware of because it comes in many forms and ways into your body. In this flyer you will learn about some different types of cancer and what you can do to lower the risk of getting cancer.

Ten Facts You Might Not Know About Cancer

1.Over 20,000 people die of cancer everyday (Word Health Organization)

2.There are 100 types of cancers that can enter any part of your body(Word Health Organization)

3.A single cigarette contains over 4,800 chemicals, 69 of which are known to cause cancer. (American Lung Association)

4. IN the U.S., 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in their lifetime.(Word Health Organization)

5.Air pollution causes lung cancer and is also a higher risk for getting bladder cancer. (American Cancer Society)

6. 50%is the lifetime risk of developing cancer for a man in the U.S.(American Cancer Society)

7.Breast Cancer Kills 450 men in the U.S every year. (National Breast Cancer Coalition)

8. A man is 35% more likely to get diagnosed with Prostate Cancer than women to get diagnosed with Breast Cancer. (Prostate Cancer Foundation)

9.Every 13 minutes , a women dies from Breast Cancer in the U.S. (UT Health Science Center)

10.About 70% of all cancer deaths occur in low and middle- income countries.(Word Health Organization)

Medical Name

Li-Fraumeni Syndrome

Definition of Cancer

A disease caused by uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a specific part of the body.


What Causes Cancer?

Different types of cancer can be caused by different things. Most cases of cancer is genetic. Others you can get by doing certain things. For example you can get Skin Cancer when you artificially tan because the lighting they use is technically a chemical to your skin. Another example is Alcohol, alcohol can cause liver cancer because it carries chemicals that irritate the liver and cause it to slowly stop working.

Who Gets Cancer?

People who are more likely to get cancer are people who go tanning,who smoke, consume large amount of alcohol and people who have a family history of cancer.

Is Cancer Genetic?

Yes some cancers are genetic. Genetic means that it can be in your family blood lines, but only certain cancer can. For example these cancer that are listed are genetic. Breast, ovarian, colorectal and prostate cancers are genetic.

What age group/gender is at greater risk?

Cancer affects everyone, no matter if you are male or female or young or old, but certain cancers affect different gender and age. For example common cancers for children male or female are Leukemia, Brain and other nervous system tumors, Neuroblastoma ,Lymphoma, bone cancer and etc. On the other hand common cancers for adults male or female are Breast Cancer, Lymphomas, Melanoma, Thyroid Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Ovarian Cancer and etc.


What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of cancer

-Abnormal bumps

-Unexplained Fevers

-Night sweats

-Unintentional weight loss

How is Cancer Diagnosed?

Blood tests can give your doctor an idea on how well your organs are functioning and if they are affected with cancer.

What is the treatment for Cancer?

The most common treatments for any type of cancer are

-Surgery

-Chemotherapy

-Radiation

How important is early treatment?

Early treatment is very important for cancer because when you wait longer to treat cancer it can get bigger and spread to different areas. If you wait longer it is a more likely chance for you to die because it is harder to get rid of when it keeps getting bigger and bigger.

Can People Die From Cancer?/ How many die From Cancer?

Yes a person can die from it if not treated properly and quickly. Currently 7.6 million people die from cancer worldwide each year. Which 4 million people die prematurely (aged 30 to 69 years of age).

What is the future for cancer?

Over the last year, doctors have made significant progress on making new treatments for not only common cancer, but also rare cancers too. This improved patient survival rates and improved quality of life. Here are some treatments that they have discovered.

  • Immunotherapy

  • Cancer prevention shot

  • Mixing different therapy

  • Hormone Therapy