Geo-World Tours

Director: Mohammad Saleem

WHAT ARE OUR DESTINATIONS?

1. RED SEA RIFT

2. THE HIMALAYAS

3. THE CHAMAN FAULT

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The Red Sea Rift

Thursday, May 5th, 9pm

King Abdulaziz International Airport, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Jeddah

FLIGHT SCHEDULE:


  1. Dallas to New York (American Airlines). New York to Milan (American). Milan to Jeddah (Saudi Airlines). This flight will take 21 hours including the layovers both ways. The distance between Dallas and Jeddah is exactly 7,703 miles, however this is not the exact distance for this trip because of the layovers.

Red Sea Rift 101

  1. Red Sea Rift - this rift is the cause of two diverging plates - the African and the Arabian plate. The Red Sea rift is located in the Red Sea, halfway from both coasts. Our tour will lead us to Jeddah, the port city of Saudi Arabia (where I grew up BTW). We will spend an evening at the Corniche, Jeddah’s famous beach, and watch the majestic King Fahd fountain. We will also go to the Floating Mosque, however non-Muslims aren’t allowed inside. The Mall of Arabia is another contender, which is one of the biggest malls in the world. I, since I have been to all of these places, can guarantee them to be a beautiful place to be. As for landforms, a lot of Saudi Arabia is an uninhabited desert. Some interesting landforms to see include the mountains that dot the country, as well as An-Nafud desert, where the sand dunes rise over a 100 feet.

Earthquake History

  1. There have been a series of earthquakes in the Red Sea, which have caused it to part and expand. The most recent one was in July of 2013, when a magnitude 5.5 earthquake was recorded 100 km under the sea. There was no danger or evidence of it to any of the shores the Red Sea borders. The Red Sea is actually an “immature ocean” and is the cause of the divergence of the African and Arabian plates. Over thousands of years of plate movements, the divergence has caused the rift, and split Arabia from Africa.

The Himalayas

Saturday, Aug. 13th, 9pm

Ring Rd

Kathmandu

FLIGHT SCHEDULE:

Dallas to Doha (Qatar Airways). Doha to Kathmandu (Qatar Airways). This flight will take 28 hours and and 20 minutes, including the 8hr 50m layover in Doha. The distance between Dallas and Kathmandu is a little over 8,000 miles, however this is not the exact distance for the trip because of the layover.

The Himalayas 101

2. This mountain range is caused by the convergence of the Eurasian and the Indian Plates. The Himalayas are located in southern Asia, and is home of Mount Everest. Our tour includes a partial hike of Mount Everest, as well as camping in the foothills of the Himalayas. In Kathmandu, Nepal (where we will be flying into) there are several temples and historic sites. There is also Thamel, a district of markets and shopping and exciting nightlife. The National Museum of Nepal is also a fascinating place to see. Some interesting landforms to visit include the Kali River, and the Kali Gandaki Gorge. We will end our trip by visiting Langtang National Park, where exotic wildlife such as red pandas and snow leopards can be found.

Earthquake History

The Himalayas are known for their seismic activity, and earthquakes are the norm. Earthquake documentations go back to the 12th century in the Himalayas region, with the earliest in 1255, which said to have “killed of a third of the population of the Kingdom of Nepal.” There have been around 20 major earthquakes in the mountain range’s history, and several scores of less significant ones. The most recent earthquake occurred on April 25 of 2015, a 7.9 in magnitude, resulting in $10 billion US dollars of damage. It also caused the Himalayas to drop 3 feet in height. The aftermath can still be seen today, in Kathmandu and many countries around Nepal. Scientists say it was the most devastating earthquake in the past 80 years of Nepal’s history.

The Chaman Fault

Tuesday, Oct. 11th, 9pm

Karachi Airport, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan

Karachi

  1. Dallas to Washington DC. (American Airlines). Washington D.C to Abu Dhabi (Etihad). Abu Dhabi to Karachi (Pakistan International Airline). This flight will take 27 hours and 10 minutes, including layovers. The distance between Dallas karachi is 8,309 miles, however this is not the exact distance for this trip because of the layovers.

Chaman Fault 101

  1. The Chaman fault is the offspring of the transforming movements of the Eurasian and Indo-Australian plates. This particular fault runs for about 850 km, from the Arabian Sea through Pakistan and some of Afghanistan. A major city located near the Chaman Fault is Karachi, former capital of Pakistan. There are many things to do in Karachi, such as visiting the Mohatta Palace and the Frere Hall. You can visit the Clifton beach, a gorgeous coast of the Arabian Sea. I can testify to this being gorgeous - I sort of grew up here too. There’s the Merewether Clock Tower, as well as the Karachi Zoo. There are not many distinct landforms near Karachi, however if you go towards Northern Pakistan, the region becomes very mountainous and interesting. As a matter of fact, K2, the world’s second tallest mountain at over 28,000 feet, is in Pakistan.

Earthquake History

The Chaman fault has had 5 significant earthquakes in its history, ranging from 1505 to 2013. Most of these resulted in slips and ruptures and faults that spread out from the main one, however the 1935 earthquake of Balochistan (a province of Pakistan) is the most deadly, having killed over 35,000 people. Another significant, recent one was the 2013 earthquake. It was also accommodated on the Chaman Fault, and resulted in the death of 825 people, with another 700 people injured. The earthquake affected big Pakistani cities such as Karachi, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Quetta, and Rawalpindi. although most of the activity was recorded in the Awaran area. Quakes and aftershocks were felt as far as northern Qatar. Since mostly rural, sparsely populated areas of Pakistan were affected, relief wasn’t provided in some places for more than 48 hours, as access to these areas is difficult. Effects can be noticed in some of the rural undeveloped areas, but good luck getting there.

TOPOGRAHIC MAPS . . .

TopoMap Example

A topographic map uses lines to express height. Each interval (line) measures an exact rise in elevation. Look at the map to find out what the intervals are. The closer lines are to one another, the steeper the area is. The narrower they are, the less steep the area is. This map is of Mount Everest in the Himalayas.

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IN CASE YOU WERE WONDERING . . .

Geo-World Tours use have codeshare agreements with over 350 airlines around the world! Our agreements ensure that you get to your destination safely, and with utmost comfort. Here are some of the main airlines we use for these specific 3 destinations on our Plate Tectonics Tour . . .