Director: Mohammad Saleem
WHAT ARE OUR DESTINATIONS?
2. THE HIMALAYAS
3. THE CHAMAN FAULT
The Red Sea Rift
Thursday, May 5th, 9pm
King Abdulaziz International Airport, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Dallas to New York (American Airlines). New York to Milan (American). Milan to Jeddah (Saudi Airlines). This flight will take 21 hours including the layovers both ways. The distance between Dallas and Jeddah is exactly 7,703 miles, however this is not the exact distance for this trip because of the layovers.
Red Sea Rift 101
Red Sea Rift - this rift is the cause of two diverging plates - the African and the Arabian plate. The Red Sea rift is located in the Red Sea, halfway from both coasts. Our tour will lead us to Jeddah, the port city of Saudi Arabia (where I grew up BTW). We will spend an evening at the Corniche, Jeddah’s famous beach, and watch the majestic King Fahd fountain. We will also go to the Floating Mosque, however non-Muslims aren’t allowed inside. The Mall of Arabia is another contender, which is one of the biggest malls in the world. I, since I have been to all of these places, can guarantee them to be a beautiful place to be. As for landforms, a lot of Saudi Arabia is an uninhabited desert. Some interesting landforms to see include the mountains that dot the country, as well as An-Nafud desert, where the sand dunes rise over a 100 feet.
There have been a series of earthquakes in the Red Sea, which have caused it to part and expand. The most recent one was in July of 2013, when a magnitude 5.5 earthquake was recorded 100 km under the sea. There was no danger or evidence of it to any of the shores the Red Sea borders. The Red Sea is actually an “immature ocean” and is the cause of the divergence of the African and Arabian plates. Over thousands of years of plate movements, the divergence has caused the rift, and split Arabia from Africa.
Saturday, Aug. 13th, 9pm
Dallas to Doha (Qatar Airways). Doha to Kathmandu (Qatar Airways). This flight will take 28 hours and and 20 minutes, including the 8hr 50m layover in Doha. The distance between Dallas and Kathmandu is a little over 8,000 miles, however this is not the exact distance for the trip because of the layover.
The Himalayas 101
The Chaman Fault
Tuesday, Oct. 11th, 9pm
Karachi Airport, Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Dallas to Washington DC. (American Airlines). Washington D.C to Abu Dhabi (Etihad). Abu Dhabi to Karachi (Pakistan International Airline). This flight will take 27 hours and 10 minutes, including layovers. The distance between Dallas karachi is 8,309 miles, however this is not the exact distance for this trip because of the layovers.
Chaman Fault 101
The Chaman fault is the offspring of the transforming movements of the Eurasian and Indo-Australian plates. This particular fault runs for about 850 km, from the Arabian Sea through Pakistan and some of Afghanistan. A major city located near the Chaman Fault is Karachi, former capital of Pakistan. There are many things to do in Karachi, such as visiting the Mohatta Palace and the Frere Hall. You can visit the Clifton beach, a gorgeous coast of the Arabian Sea. I can testify to this being gorgeous - I sort of grew up here too. There’s the Merewether Clock Tower, as well as the Karachi Zoo. There are not many distinct landforms near Karachi, however if you go towards Northern Pakistan, the region becomes very mountainous and interesting. As a matter of fact, K2, the world’s second tallest mountain at over 28,000 feet, is in Pakistan.
The Chaman fault has had 5 significant earthquakes in its history, ranging from 1505 to 2013. Most of these resulted in slips and ruptures and faults that spread out from the main one, however the 1935 earthquake of Balochistan (a province of Pakistan) is the most deadly, having killed over 35,000 people. Another significant, recent one was the 2013 earthquake. It was also accommodated on the Chaman Fault, and resulted in the death of 825 people, with another 700 people injured. The earthquake affected big Pakistani cities such as Karachi, Hyderabad, Islamabad, Quetta, and Rawalpindi. although most of the activity was recorded in the Awaran area. Quakes and aftershocks were felt as far as northern Qatar. Since mostly rural, sparsely populated areas of Pakistan were affected, relief wasn’t provided in some places for more than 48 hours, as access to these areas is difficult. Effects can be noticed in some of the rural undeveloped areas, but good luck getting there.
TOPOGRAHIC MAPS . . .
A topographic map uses lines to express height. Each interval (line) measures an exact rise in elevation. Look at the map to find out what the intervals are. The closer lines are to one another, the steeper the area is. The narrower they are, the less steep the area is. This map is of Mount Everest in the Himalayas.
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IN CASE YOU WERE WONDERING . . .
Pakistan International Airline
For the Chaman Fault destination
For the Himalayas destination
Saudi Arabian Airlines
For the Red Sea Rift destination