Queens Health Enviromental
What,Why, and Who
Queens Health Environmental is a organization that takes the health of Queens into great consideration. QHE is a group of environmental specialist that keep up to date statistics and information on how our town is doing, regarding to the health of the environment. With Queens being a city and around other major cities that may cause some potential hazard to our hometown Queens Our purpose is to inform the community on how its doing and what needs to or is being done to keep Queens a health city to live in , not just for its current residence, but also its future residents and families that may come to live here.
A Superfund site is where toxic wastes have been dumped and the Environmental Protection Agency has designated them to be cleaned up.
In Ridgewood, Queens state and federal agencies have longed to know that are industrial sites that contain radioactive material. This location is where Wolff-Alport Chemical Compnay use to be but now is used as auto repair shops, construction firms, warehouses, and deli's. Over the years inspectors have come to the conclusion that the levels of radiation are significant to where pedestrians may have a risk of cancer. With the inspections made this site may soon be considered to be Superfund Site by the EPA(Environmental Protection Agency).
Brown field sites are properties that are being reinvested to protect the environment.
A site near the East River in Hunters Point, Queens there once was a former roofing products manufacturing site. this site was coal tar in the soil as well as VOC's (BTEX). This property was then successfully announced a brownfield site to be cleaned up. This site was to be redeveloped to be a new branch of the Queens Public Library.
Air Quality in Queens
What is Clean Air Act and What is its purpose?
The clean air act was a federal law that was purposefully made to enforce regulations to protect the public from hazardous airborne contaminants that may put our health at risk. What does the Clean Air Act do you ask? well it does this:
*it set standards for air equality and there are a list of hazardous air pollutants established by the Act: Acetaldehyde, benzene, chloroform, phenols, and selenium compound
* It is to protect our Ozone layer from being deteriorated. The way the act did that was by passing the Montreal protocol which was a plan to replace CFC’s (which are catalytic agents in ozone destruction).
* It is to prevent any major stationary air pollution, and its prevented with a Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) permit.
*The act also to make nonattainment areas to reach attainment by requiring them to turn in a plan of inventory air pollutants, permits, and techniques used by the company, so that they may reach standard qualifications.
* The act also tries to find clean fuel for vehicles that will not pollute the atmosphere
What does the air pollutants look like in Queens?
The composition of the in Queens air
December Average Data
PM2.5(particulate matter) ---------93.5
PM10(particulate matter) ----------0.0
SO2( Sulfur Dioxide) -----------------1.1
NO2(Nitrogen Oxide) --------------- 0.0
CO(Carbon Monoxide) --------------0.0
What does these pollutant do to our health do you ask ? Well this is what it does:
* Ozone: it s a natural oxidant that can cause cancer. It also cause for muscles in the airway to constrict which can lead to wheezing and shortness of breath, which can cause those with asthma to have asthma attacks.
* Particulate matter: its microscopic liquid droplet or solid. this can cause heart attacks, aggravated asthma, irritated airways.
* Sulfur Dioxide: irritates the skin, eyes nose, throat and lungs. It can also aggravate those with heart conditions and those with asthma.
Water Quality in Queens
What are the water sources? and what makes these water sources good, or impaired?
The main water sources of Queens, New York are Meadow Lake, and Willow Lake, Ridgewood Reservoir and Spring Creek. Both of Meadow Lake and Willow Lake sources are in good condition. As for Spring Creek it is impaired.
* What makes the water considered good is that it supports all of their designated uses, as in there is no chemicals, toxicity in the water etc. there are no things like PCB’s, metals, and any oxygen depleting substance.
* What makes water sources impaired is that it may contain chemical contaminants like (PCB’s, metals, and oxygen depleting substance). There may also be the possibility that the water contains some sort of bacteria and noxious aquatic weeds.
Health Statues of Queens
Statistical standing of Queens
Birth outcomes of:
Number of Males-------67,608
Number if Females---- 64
Sex ratio M:F-------------1.05
Average Annual Deaths------1610.8
Rate per 1000,000 Males----169.8
Average Annual Deaths------1692.6
Rate per 100,000 females---123.0
Infant Mortality rate ( deaths before age 1 year per 1,000 live births)---------5.4
Percent low-birth-weight babies (per 1,000 live births)----------------------------- 79.02
Medical Action Plan to a better Queens
What is the problem for Queens?
From all of the analysis and investigation done on the environmental health, it can be said that something must be done. To start off with there is way to much Particulate matter which is making up 93.5 % of the pollutants in the air , as well as ozone and sulfur dioxide. The particulate matter can lead to high risk of respiratory issues especially with those with asthma, as well as risks for lung cancer . As for the water sources, there are three main water sources, and of the three one source (Spring Creek) that is impaired. With a impaired water source its a call for sickness.
Who should get involved to help improve the enviromental health problems?
To get the job done in improving the environment, everyone in Queens must be informed of the problems found with their hometown( Queens).The people most importantly that need to know are those that work in the transportation business, also all of those who are in the automobile repair business. To get this job on attract EPA must be involved.
Steps towards the improvement of Queens Enviromntal Health
1)First there should be a committee made with those that want to be involved in making this plan a possibility.
2) There should be a community meeting as well as a piece of mail informing them of what pollutants is in the air (particulate matter, ozone, and sulfur dioxide), and water contamination in the local water resources.
3)Address Transportation Companies as well the community of vehicle emission
*Vehicle emission is responsible for the release of sulfur dioxide, and sulfur dioxide
* There should be a meeting with transportation companies to address the vehicle emission problem , through the idea of how the Clean Air Act could possibly effect them affect them. An inventory should be then be taken to see what fuels are being used to see if there are any other sorts of alternatives, such as natural gas, ethanol, methane , and even liquefied petroleum gas.
4)Address local water of improving impaired water sources
*local water companies informing them, that by the EPA standards that some of the local water sources are impaired.
5) Addressing car shops and improving possible superfund sites
*The most responsible for the emission of particulate matter are car repair shops. Car shops should have a permit to be able to conduct what they do with chemicals. These shops should report what chemicals are being used , so that there may be a minimization of emission that can cause air quality to disintegrate. Further research should be made on major companies in the area that can be possible Superfund sites.
6) Any Brownfield sites that are in the area should be invested in to be ecofriendly places like parks, ecofriendly carshops etc.