Bill Of Rights Project.
By: Naileah Gomez 6th 12/17/14
What are the bill of rights?
The Bill Of Rights are the first 10 amendments to the constitution. They list the rights that belong to Americans.
Bill #1:freedom of press & freedom of speech.
You can say anything you want. The right of the people peaceably to assemble .
Bill #2: Right to Bear Arms.
Citizens have the right to keep and bear arms and to protect themselves.
Bill #3: Quartering Of Soldiers.
Soldiers couldn't be quartered in any house.
Bill #4: Search and Seizure.
Police can't search through your stuff without a warrant.
Bill #5: Double jeopardy, Self-incrimination, due process of law.
For a capital crime a grand jury has to decide if there's enough evidence to charge you.
Bill #6: Right of the accused in criminal cases.
If you're charged with a crime your trial should happen as soon as possible. You shouldn't wait for years in jail waiting for trials.
Bill #7: The right to a jury trial.
You can have a jury settle civil cases involving a lot of money.
Bill #8: Prevention cruel and unusual punishment.
Your punishment should fit your crime.
Bill #9: Rights retained by the people.
Government can't take away any rights from the people whether they're mentioned here or not.
Bill #10: limiting federal powers.
Government cannot take a power unless it's said in the constitution.
Amendment #1, court case: Texas Vs. Johnson.
In 1977 the court ruled that members of the Nazi party of America were permitted to march the streets of Skokie, Illinois and express views as long as they marched peacefully/ physical threats were not involved.
Amendment #2, court case: Bliss Vs. Commonwealth.
the first major court ruling over the right to keep and bear arms for personal use, after a man named Bliss was fined $100 in Kentucky for carrying a sword hidden in a cane.
Amendment #3, court case: Griswood Vs. Conneticuit.
Established a constitutional Right to Privacy.
Amendment #4, court case: Barron Vs. Baltimore.
Bill of rights didn't apply to actions taken by local or state governments. This decision was made after the 14th amendment was ratified.
Amendment #5, Court case: Brown Vs. Mississippi.
Three black men have been convicted of the murder of a white farmer. The police had beaten And tortured them into confession, and the use of the confessions in court violated due process.
Amendment #6, court case: Johnson Vs. Zerbist
This case made it mandatory for all defendants in the Federal Criminal Trails to be informed that they have the right to counsel.
Amendment #7, court case:
Amendment #8, Court case: Francias Vs. Resweber.
Willie Francias was convicted for murder in Louisiana And was sentenced to death by electric chair, but he didn't die the first time. Supreme court ruled 5-4, sending Francias to the chair a second time didn't violate the constitution.
Amendment #9, Court case: Roe Vs. Wade.
Decisions to legalize abortion in the first trimester of pregnancy.
Amendment #10, court case: Hammer Vs. Baggenhart
Argued that the new child labor law was necessary to protect the public good.