AP Gov

The Presidency and Congress

Inherent Powers vs. Enumerated Powers

Inherent powers are the powers the president needs to carry out his job. They are implied in the Constitution. An example of this is the emergency power, which is exercised in times of necessity. Enumerated Powers are explicitly stated in the Constitution. An example of this is the power to deploy troops.

Executive Privilege and Executive Order

Executive Privilege is the ability of executive officials to refuse to disclose information to other branches or to the public. Nixon tried to use his executive privilege in the Watergate Scandal, but it did not work and led to his resignation. The executive order is a rule issued by the president that has the force of law. When President Truman desegregated the troops, he did this by executive order.

Impeachment

The process by which an official is accused of an unlawful action. The only two presidents to have been impeached were Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton. Impeachment occurs in both the House and the Senate. The House initially impeaches the individual and then the Senate tries the individual in court for being removed from office.
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Take Care Clause

This requires the president to take due care when enacting a law. This is what assures the passage of laws to be enforced by the president, even if he does not agree with the law.
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