Cholera

(Vibrio cholerae infection)

Caused by the bacteria Vibrio cholerae.

  • Spread by ingestion of contaminated water or food.
  • Rare in the United States but most commonly found in Africa, Asia, and Haiti.

Symptoms:

  • vomiting
  • rapid heart rate
  • loss of skin elasticity
  • thirst

Treatments

  • Rehydration therapy (main treatment option)
  • Antibiotic treatment (reduces duration of illness)
  • Zinc treatment
  • Estimated 1.4 to 4.3 million cases and 8000 to 142,000 deaths worldwide due to cholera each year.


  • Up to 80% of cholera cases can be successfully treated with oral rehydration salts.


  • Can be fatal if not treated


  • Not directly transmitted