Article One; Legislative Branch, By Farrah Collins
Qualifications of Congressmen
Congressmen must have certain qualifications. For example, they must be at least 25 years old to be a part of the congress. They also must have been citizen of the United States for seven years. finally, they have to be from the state in which they represent.
The 20th amendment changed the date of the session in which congress meet to January 3rd.
Bill to Law
A bill can only become laws by passing through both the Senate, and the House of Representatives. It also must be signed by the president. If the president vetoes the bill, it is returned to the house where is originated along with why the president vetoes it. If two-thirds of each house approves the bill anyway, it becomes a law no matter if the president vetoed it. In other words the houses override the president. If the president doesn't sign to veto the bill in ten days, it becomes a law. If the bill does not become a law, it is called a "pocket veto". If a citizen has an idea for a law (stop sign, speed bump ETC) they can contact the houses and the houses come up with a law based on the citizens idea.
Power Granted to Congress
The congressmen get special privileges. They have "immunity", this means that they cannot be sued or prosecuted for anything they say. They also cannot be arrested while congress is in session, unless its a major crime or breaking the peace.
They also have restrictions. Emoluments are made to prevent members form passing laws that would benefit them personally. It also prevents the president from promising them jobs in other branches of the federal government.
Other Powers Granted
Revenue, Borrowing, Commerce, Naturalization and Bankruptcy, Currency, Counterfeiting, Post office, Copyrights and Patents, Courts, Piracy, Declare War, Army, Navy, Rules for Armed Forces, Militia, National Guard, Nations Capital and Elastic Clause.