Nuclear Apocalypse Survival Guide

Jordyn McMillin, Hannah Mulholland, Morgan Hicks

Basic Elements for Survival:

  • Radiation safe shelter
  • Filtered water
  • Food
  • Filtered air
  • Supplies


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Environmental Effects:


  • Increase in mortality
  • Decrease in reproduction
  • Weakening of the seeds
  • Effects the blooming of the flower
  • Genetic defects
  • Size of the root and length of the leaf change

Food and water

We are going to have a filtration system to filter the water out.

  • Big fans to blow the waste in the water out of the system so it won't get clogged

For food we are going to have different vegetables and fruits, such as asparagus, strawberries, and sweet potatoes because they regrow once harvested.

  • Sealed water bottles will also be stored in our shelter (a minimum of 7 gallons per person for two weeks)
  • Astronaut's Food will also be provided in between harvest sessions because it's tightly sealed packaging rebukes contamination
  • Iodine tablets will be provided in order to prevent radioactive iodine from penetrating the thyroid gland

Filtered Air

  • There shouldn't be much air coming into the shelter because of the way the doors are designed
  • A simple fix to prevent the small amount of radiation that could come into the shelter is to cover the air pathways with wet bedsheets (that will trap the particles and you won't breath them in)


  • Portable radios with a hand-crank to generate power (can stay up-to-date with reports on the radiation and nuclear activity; doesn't require batteries since it's human-powered)
  • Hand-crank powered flashlights
  • Generator, hooked up to a bicycle that, when in use, will build up energy that can be used to power lights and electronic devices
  • Books, journals, pencils/pens, boardgames, etc.
  • Blankets, thin mattresses, pillows
  • A change of clothes
  • Deodorant
  • Baby wipes (to substitute for showers on a daily basis and preserve water)
  • First aid kits
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Medical Effects:

  • The health effects of radiation depend on the amount of radiation absorbed by the body, the type of radioactive material, how the radioactive material got in or on the body, and the length of time the person has been exposed.
Japan Earthquake: Radiation Effects On Body (03.14.11)

Fission and Fusion Reactions:

Fission Reactions- when the nucleus of an atom splits into two smaller parts. Equal to almost half the original. Two or three neutrons are emitted during this process.

Fusion Reactions- Hydrogen nuclei collide and fuse into heavier helium atoms that release huge amounts of energy

  • Releases energy related to Einsteins famous equation E=MC^2

Alpha Radiation

  • Alpha particles emitted in radioactive decay called alpha decay
  • Does NOT penetrate the skin
  • Harmful if inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through open wounds
  • Travels short distances through the air
  • Can be stopped by a sheet of paper

Beta Radiation

  • Subatomic particles ejected from the nucleus
  • Moderately penetrating to the skin
  • CAN be detective with survey instrument CD-700
  • Clothing does provide protection
  • Can be stopped by a few millimeters of aluminum

Gamma Radiation

  • Most "energetic" in the electromagnetic system
  • Harmful if inhaled or injected
  • External and internal hazard to humans
  • CAN be detected by CD V-715
  • CAN be stopped by lead and concrete
  • About 5 & 1/2 meters

Work Cited: