by Alice Jackson
The Enigma Code
Up till the Second World War, the most advanced forms of encryption involved simple paper and pencil techniques. But security blunders on both sides during the First World War highlighted a need for a higher level of secrecy, with more advanced methods of enciphering messages. Both the Allies and the Axis countries were looking for a new way to encrypt messages - a way that would result in complete security.
Who was part of thye Enigma Code?
The Germans where known to be using the Enigma Code and had a machine to write out letters using the code. The English agreed it was a good way of communicating wihtout anyone know what you were writing about therefore they began to use it. Unfortuatly for the Germans, the Polish managed to crack the impossible code and found out what they were saying. This was terrible news for the Germans and they had to stop using the code as it was no use.
Inside the Enigma Code Machine
The Enigma machine is an electro-mechanical device that relies on a series of rotating 'wheels' or ‘rotors’ to scramble plaintext messages into incoherent ciphertext. The machine's variable elements can be set in many billions of combinations, and each one will generate a completely different ciphertext message. If you know how the machine has been set up, you can type the ciphertext back in and it will unscramble the message. If you don't know the Enigma setting, the message remains impossble to translate.