Injury Evaluation Process

Matt Streets


  • It is the most important part of evaluation.
  • It requires good communication skills.
  • Ask questions about: Mechanism, sounds, pain location, onset of symptoms, description of symptoms, and any previous injuries.
  • Examples of Mechanism of injury are FOOSH and direct blow. An example of a sound is a pop. An example of previous injuries are fractures or tears that have already occurred.
  • Make sure to listen for any information about the history of the patient.


  • Observation begins when patient enters athletic training room
  • Examples of observation are deformities, ecchymosis, swelling, bilateral symmetry, and skin.


  • Anything you feel for
  • Examples are point tenderness, deformities, crepitus, gapping, muscle tension, and temperature.
  • The order of palpation is Bony tissue, ligament structures, muscle tissues.

Special Tests

  • Special Tests are tests that can be used to see whether the person is healthy or not.
  • There is Active, Passive, and Resistive Range-of-Motion.
  • (AROM) is willingness to move, (PROM) is the quantity of movement and includes endfeels, and RROM is testing the strength of the muscles.
  • Examples of special tests are Range of Motion, Ligament and Capsular, Neurological, and functional tests.