Jamaica

By: Erica Hunt

Capital: Kingston

Population: 2,950,210

Land Area: 10,831 sq km

Comparative Size: slightly smaller than Connecticut

Per Capita GDP: $8,600

Exports: alumina, bauxite, sugar, rum, coffee, yams, beverages, chemicals, apparel, mineral fuels


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History

The island was first discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1494 and was settled by the Spanish in the 16th century.
England seized the island in 1655 and established a plantation.
Jamaica began increased its independence from Britain after the abolishment of slavery.
Jamaica gained full independence after withdrawing from the Federation in 1962.

Type of Goverment

Constitutional parliamentary democracy.

Jamaica has two main political parties: Jamaica Labor Party - favors private enterprise

People's National Party - advocates socialism

Economic Viability

The economy is mostly based on the industry and services, which makes up more than 70% GDP.

Timeline of UN involvment

1990 Jamaica ensured that the United Nations would provide support to Haiti for the peaceful and efficient development of its electoral process

1995 Jamaica was re-elected to the Economic and Social Council General Assembly

1997 Elections showed that Jamaica continued to support the People’s National Party

1998 increase in violence crime reported as the economy deteriorates

1999 Fuel prices increased by 30% which led to violent protests

2001 Troops moved in to restore order which led to the suffrage of the tourist industry

2002 Emancipation Park established