The Vietnamese was controlled by the French. They didn't really enjoy that either. Vietnam struggled for it's independence from France in the first war. It was fought from 1946-1954, the war caused Vietnam to divide, North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
Life after the Vietnam War
Vietnam became an unified under control of North Vietnam's government. Under harsh treatment of the new government a lot of Vietnamese people tried to escape from South Vietnam. They called people who fled after the war "Boat People".