Memory Foam

By ; Trevor, Brody, And Emily

Why did NASA make memory foam?

Memory foam, also known as temper foam, was developed under a NASA contract in the 1970's that set out to improve seat cushioning and crash protection for airline pilots and passengers. Memory foam has widespread commercial applications, in addition to the popular mattresses and pillows. Memory foam was developed in 1966 under a contract by NASA's Ames Research Center to improve the safety of aircraft cushions. Ames Scientist Chiharu Kubokawa and Charles A. Yost of the Stencel Aero Engineering Corporation were major contributors to this project. The Temper-Sensitive memory foam was initially referred to as "slow spring back foam" ; Yost called it "temper foam." Created by feeding gas into a polymer matrix , the foam has an open-cell solid structure that matches pressure against it, yet slowly springs back to its original shape. When NASA released memory foam to the public domain in the early 1980's, Fagerdala World Foams was one of the few companies willing to work with the foam, as the manufacturing process remained difficult and unreliable. Their 1991 product, the "Tempur-Pedic Swedish Mattress" eventually led to the mattress and cushion company, Tempur World. It wasn't made for a specific mission, it was made to improve the comfort of the seats, and to improve the safety of G-Force pressures and re-entry during space missions.

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How do we use it today?

We use Memory foam in many ways, including Mattresses, Shoes, Headphones, Rugs, Phone-cases. There are many ways to use memory foam in mattresses, like Mattress pads, and then there is a Memory Foam Mattress. There are also Memory Foam Pillows that help with peoples backs and necks. Memory foam is used in shoes to help with comfort and support. Some brands that have Memory Foam involved in there shoes are Nike and Skechers. Memory Foam is Used in rugs to add extra comfort. Memory Foam is put onto headphones to make sure that your head is comfortable. Memory foam is used in Phone-Cases to add extra protection. The design and form for this product didn't change, it was only cut into different shapes so that it could be used in a different way. The function partially changed. Though it is still used for comfort, it isn't used for the same safety purposes.
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