The South

The most developing region

Linking Climate to vegetation

Closer location to equator,the south is warmer than other region in the United States.The weather system moving north from the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea bring ample of precipitation to most of the region.The warm,wet climate produces thick,mixed forest of pine and other trees, or marshy stand of mangrove trees.Mangroves are the tropical trees that grow in swampy ground along coastal areas.Vegetation region unique to the South include the marshy inlets of lakes and rivers of Louisiana called bayous.

In general,the farther west one moves within the South,the less average annual precipitation.Oklahoma and western Texas have a warm,semiarid climate.Parks of Oklahoma average 30 inches of rain per year;El Paso, Texas, only 8 inches. Such a climate supports the temperate grassland known as prairies.

Linking Climate,History, and Agriculture

The South's wide variety of plants and animal life is due to another contributing factor -- the rich soil of the wide coastal plains.The native Americans grew different crops using the rich soil.Even in the mid-1500s,the Europeans settled in the South.The South has rich soils and also long growing season.Many Europeans,knowing these factors, migrated to the South and built huge plantations.Today,farming remains important to the South's economy.

Despite its mostly fertile soil and mild climate,parts of the South live in bleak poverty.

Linking Resources to Industry

In the 1840s, entrepreneurs built textile mills powered by the fast-moving streams of the Piedmont section of the Carolinas. These mills were built of the fall lines;is an imaginary line between the Appalachian Mountains and the Atlantic coastal plain.Textile mills were grown closed to the cotton growing farms.

Tho oil industry in the South began in eastern Texas in 1901.These brought great wealth to the region.A sharp decline in oil prices in the 1980s brought some economic hardship to the oil producing states.

The Gulf Coast has responded to the challenge.challenge. Available raw materials,source of energy, and access to ocean ports have been key factors in the economic development of the region.The petrochemical industry is a leading source of industrial income.

A Chanding Region

Continued Growth of Industry

In 1950s,both small and big industries started to take roots in South.Many industries were brand new or they simply moved to the South from the northern cities.

The South attracted businesses for number of reason.reason. Southern industrial plants were newer,in better condition.Even the land was cheaper.And even the labor cost was lower.

The Sunbelt

People moved to south for economic opportunity.The South is also know for the retirement and tourism centers.The band of southern states from the Carolinas to southern California became know as the Sunbelt.The Sunbelt region actually overlaps two regions-the South and the West

Southern Population

A varied Population

Today, the South has a diverse population.Oven half of the nation's African American population lives in the South.Other large segment is the hundreds of thousands of Hispanics who moved from Latin American countries.Many white Southerners have ancestors who came from England,Scotland, or Ireland.

Major Cities

South is home to many important cities.Miami is the U.S gateway of the Caribbean and South America. Atlanta,Georgia,once a major railroad center, is now a major airline hub.Before Hurricane Katrina devastated the city in 2005, New Orleans was a major trading center near the North of the Mississippi river.

Houston,Texas is a large industrial and trading center, especially in the areas of oil and banking.Fort Worth is the heart of the Texas cattle industry,while Dallas is a business and electronics center.

The city of Washington is located in District of Colombia.Because of wide avenues,public parks, and dramatic monuments,many people consider Washington to be one of the most beautiful cities in the world.

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