Ancient Mesopotamian Culture

By: Emily Tsairis, Alison Gilpatrick and Siobhan Mathews

Culture Introduction

Culture is an important aspect of a civilization. Culture is the beliefs, art, music, traditions, food and way of life of a particular society. It makes a group of people unique and distinguishes them from everyone else. Culture is also a strong part of people’s lives. It influences people’s views, values, humor, hopes, loyalty, worries and fears. Cultures evolve within groups of people based on many elements of those people’s lives, such as family duties and responsibilities, community needs, physical location and belief systems of a group. Culture is beneficial because it makes up the lifestyle of a certain group of people. Without culture, people wouldn’t know what to believe in and celebrate. People have culture because it brings people together to celebrate traditions, holidays and customs. There were five ways that impacted Mesopotamia’s, one of the River Valley Civilizations, cultural growth. Religion controlled and decided the main activities in the Mesopotamians' daily lives. In Mesopotamia, people believed in many gods and goddesses. That meant that they were polytheistic. Also, writing changed the way business dealings were done and how records were kept. They invented a writing system to record information called cuneiform. Architecture influenced their studies of mathematics, science and engineering. The ancient Mesopotamians built many ziggurats to worship their gods and goddesses. In addition, innovations helped create more specializations of labor and created a wider space between social classes. They created a twelve month calendar based on the phases of the moon. This helped them know when to plant crops and when to harvest them. Lastly, achievements helped create a more complex and elaborate economy and military. The greatest achievement of ancient Mesopotamia was its government system. They developed the first government system to run a city, which later led to written laws concerning the rights of individuals. These were all examples of ancient Mesopotamia’s culture. In conclusion, the cultural development in Mesopotamia made the biggest impact on the people.

Mesopotamian Culture Photo Gallery


Religion directed and impacted daily life activities and choices in life.
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Writing changed the way business dealings were done and history was kept. Written language transformed life in Mesopotamia.



Architecture impacted the studies of mathematics, science and engineering. Architecture was significant to Mesopotamia.
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Innovations lead to greater development in the economy, military and social class systems.


The importance of major achievements was essential. Achievements paved the way and lead to greater development for more complex economic and military systems.
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Culture Conclusion

In conclusion, Mesopotamia’s cultural developments made the greatest influence on its people. There were five ways that affected and impacted Mesopotamia’s cultural growth. Religion directed and determined most of daily life activities and choices in life. Writing adjusted the way business trading and commerce were done and history was kept. Architecture influenced the studies, engineering, science and mathematics. Innovations authorized for the creation of different specializations of labor and a more extensive gap between the social classes. Achievements made progress and development easier for more advanced economic and military organizations. Culture typically consists of beliefs, ideas, language and customs. These factors combine to provide members of a society with a set of shared values and beliefs that define how people envision themselves. Culture influences the way in which people communicate with each other. Culture had such a big impact on Mesopotamia and its people because culture is the way that people live their lives. Culture existed everywhere because Mesopotamia had its own way of doing things, practicing religion, and acting. Culture affected their everyday lives. Culture unified the Mesopotamians and brought them together. Culture helped them building amazing structures, or buildings, create written laws and stories and a decimal system involving the base of 60. The cultural developments in religion, writing, architecture, innovations and achievements made the largest impact on the people of Mesopotamia.