Renaissance Prose

CP British Lit

Intro

Sir Francis Bacon, Sir Walter Raleigh, and The King James Bible have one thing in common;

They are all related to prose. Prose are written or spoken language in its ordinary form, without a metrical structure. Although there was a lot of poetry during the renaissance, there were many prose that were written too. The King James Bible also used prose in the Book of Psalms.

Sir Walter Raleigh

By: Robert Gracia


Sir Walter Raleigh was born in Hayes Barton, a community in Devon near Sidmouth. He was born in the year of 1552 and he would live up to be 66 years old and die of being beheaded in 1618. Raleigh was known for a wide array of things, not just being a writer and a poet. He was also known as a soldier, explorer, colonizer, courtier, scientist, and a historian during the Renaissance.

Raleigh was a French soldier who fought in the battles Moncontour and Jarnac. He was also widely known for his sea voyages. In 1578 he was involved in a sea raid against the Spanish as a privateer. He was the one to establish the first English colony named Virginia. Unfortunately he had failed at being considered the founder of this colony.

Raleigh was greatly known as a writer, more specifically a poet. He has gained his fair share of positive and negative criticisms. Some positive critics have panned that “His poetry is the most romantic figure of the most romantic age in the annals of English history”, or “He ranks even better amongst the minor poets of his time.” Some critics praised his work as extraordinary by any standards. Some critics on the other hand would judge his work saying “He's sometimes a poet, not often though.”

Although Raleigh had been in the Queen's affections, Raleigh got caught having an affair with the Queen's maid, Betsy Throckmorton. For this act, Queen Elizabeth I jailed Raleigh in the Tower of London. He was shortly released after being jailed. In 1603 Raleigh was falsely accused of being part of Essex's attempt to overthrow the crown. King James I came to power in 1603 and had Raleigh under arrest from 1603-1616. While in jail Raleigh was working on his piece “The History of the World”, but was never finished. Raleigh was eventually beheaded in 1618.

Sir Walter Raleigh's Beheading - This Day in History

King James Bible

By: Emma Mills

The King James Bible Rough Draft #2

Back in England in the 16th century many people didn’t speak Latin. The only people that could read Latin were the priests and the aristocrats. They were the ones who would read the bible in church. People were expected to learn from what they needed from what was in the bible. The bishops bible was the only bible that was used in the church. Many people had the idea of translating the bible into their own language that had apart of there culture in the bible to. William Tyndale tried to promulgate (distribute) his own English translation.

When the Anglican Church broke away from the Roman Catholic Church in the 16th century, King Henry VIII declared himself the head of the church in England. He decided that people should know how to be able to read the bible in their own language.

There were several translations made in the 16th century from the original Hebrew (Old Testament) and the Greek (New Testament). King James wanted to try and ease the religious disagreement among his subjects; he appointed commission to produce a new “authorized” translation. A commission was made that contained 47 members, each commission was divided into six companies. Two of the companies met in Oxford, two of them met in Cambridge, and two in Westminster. Each company had a different part of the bible that they were responsible for. The king made sure that in each company there was a range of different people from different religious backgrounds, so they could help translate it in their own language. They started with the bishop’s bible and corrected the bible line by line with the Hebrew and Greek original to help them. They were given the English translation of the bible to reference from. They all had to come up with a version that they could all agree on. The commission began working in 1604. (Blooms) The King James bible influenced on the English language, which had been changing steadily since the Norman conquest in 1066.(Glencoe)

Sir Francis Bacon

By: Megan Goulart

Sir Francis Bacon was born in 1561, in Strand UK, on January 22nd. His father was the second most powerful person in the kingdom, and his mother was a well-educated woman. Francis grew up "in the shadow of the court", and received schooling from his mother along with his brother Anthony. In 1573, he went to Trinity College, in Cambridge at age twelve, with his brother. A few years later his father died, and Francis was left with little inheritance. Francis tried to look to his uncle for guidance, but was left disappointed. His Uncle didn't want anything to do with him. Francis luckily found a job as a member for Cornwall at the House of Commons. In 1584 he wrote a letter of advice to Queen Elizabeth, which set off the start for his career (Glencoe). Thirteen years later he published a collection of works about politics. In 1607, he was named Solicitor General, and six years later he was named Attorney General. Sir Francis was dedicated to politics, and his work, and also received the highest title, Lord Chancellor.

Unfortunately, in 1621, Sir Francis Bacon was impeached, due to rumors of him accepting bribes, and caused corruption to his name. Francis confessed to the rumors, and was thrown into jail. Four days later the charges were dropped and he was a free man. Francis decided to dedicate his life to science and writing (Millett,140).

“Crafty men condemn studies, simple men admire them, and wise men use them; for they teach not their own use; but that is a wisdom without them, and above them, won by observation” (Blooms).