Cryptosporidiosis.

Austin Carter

Organs.

The organs effected by this disease are the small and large intestines.

Causes and how this disease is transmitted.

Cryptosporidiosis is caused by swallowing a Cryptosporiduim parasite, and then they stay in your intestines, creating cells that transfer into your feces. Also when left untreated, it is really contagious, and a person may get infected again if left untreated.

Symptoms.

The symptoms of Cryptoporidiosis are liquid diarrhea, dehydration, lack of appetite, weight loss, stomach pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and it also last up to 30 days.

Statistics.

Some statistics are; in 2009-2010 7,656 people reported on having Cryptosporidiosis, and the chance of getting the disease is 78%.

Outbreaks.

The first known outbreak was in Carrolton, Georgia, with 13,000 people infected. Another outbreak for this disease was in Milwaukee 1993, the Milwaukee water supply was carrying the Cryptosporidium parasite, and more than 403,000 people got infected. Also, in November 2010, 45% of the people in Sweden got infected. Then in Europe, 2005, 7,960 got infected. Then in Colombia in 1998, 88 people got infected. Then from 2006-2008 12 outbreaks occurred, effecting 125 people. The Utah Department of Health had 1,901 people with cryptosporidiosis. Also, in 2006, 6,479 people had cryptosporidiosis, then in 2007 11,657 people had it. The most outbreaks were caused by under cooked meat, feces, or contaminated water sources. Finally in Texas 100 of of 1,791 homes in a community reported on having cryptospridiosis.

Preventations.

First off the parasite that causes cryptospridiosis is very resistant to chlorine, so if you think your pool is safe, it's probably not, and no i'm not saying you cant swim, but shorten your pool activities. Other ways to prevent cryptosporidiosis is to practice good hygiene, wash well, purify water, avoid feces, handle animals with care, boil water (if not purified), wash hands after handling animals, and wash your hands if you suspect an object you touched had feces on it.

Treatments.

There is not actual treatment to cryptosporidiosis, but you can drink a lot of water, and take anti diarrhea medicine.

Location.

This disease is found all over the world. So there is no actual way to find patient zero.

Similar Disease.

A disease similar to this disease is Viral Gastroenteritis. Which is diarrhea, and vomiting.

Could this disease be eliminated.

It's nearly impossible, unless if we can find away to purify all of the water on earth, and cook our meat perfectly.

Climate change.

Climate change has no effect on the parasite that causes cryptosporidiosis.

This disease in Iowa.

There were 49.4 causes for every 100,000 Iowans infected, in 2013. There isn't any data for 2014 because it is not over yet.

History.

Cryptosporidiosis was first reported by E.E. Tyzzer in 1907, while looking inside of a rats stomach. But there was no cases if cryptosporidiosis until 1976.

Bibliography

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