The Original Australians
By about 60,000 years ago the last Ice Age was beginning to reached its coldest period. This cooling of the earth which had started millions of years earlier had catastrophic effects on the climate. Areas such as Europe and North America were covered in ice. More importantly areas of Africa where humans had lived for so many years started to dry out. The lush forests and savannah they had lived in were slowly replaced with desert and scrub-land with very little food and shelter. Humans like many other animals were facing starvation and near extinction. As a result some humans started to move out of Africa in search of better opportunities.
The journey to Australia was most likely an accident.
About 50,000 years ago, a group of people sailed to northern Australia, arriving on a boat or raft, maybe driven from a tsunami. They explored deeper into the new found land, and realized that they have found a new continent, and they had it all to their selves. However, why and when they made the journey is still unknown.
The Aborigines were nomadic and never farmed or built cities and towns. It may be because of to the fact that Australia did not have plants suitable for farming such as grain (wheat, oats, rice). They also did not have animals suitable for food or travel (such as cattle, horses, goats).
There were about 320,000 aborigines in about 250 tribal groups at the time the first European settlers came to Australia in 1778. Each tribal group had it's own territory, language and belief. The Aborigines are one of the first civilizations in the world.
"Migration to Australia." Genographic Project. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2015.