Careers in Education

By: Edwin Mejia

Child Psychology

Description Of Job

  • Child psychologists are experts in what makes kids tick. Their job involves diagnosing and treating a wide range of psychological disorders.
  • The majority of child psychologists are clinical. That means they work with clients rather than doing research. You'll find clinical child psychologists in clinics, hospitals, rehabilitation centers, schools and private practice.
  • Some specialize in behavior during infancy, childhood or adolescence, while others specialize in the changes that take place during maturity. Still others may specialize in developmental disabilities
  • A smaller percentage of child psychologists study the behavior and mental development of children -- they are considered to be research or experimental psychologists.
  • Working conditions vary. Clinical, school and counseling psychologists in private practice have their own offices and set their own hours. But they often must offer evening and weekend appointments to accommodate clients


  • Licensed clinical or child psychologists need to have a doctoral degree. Those with a PhD qualify for a wide range of teaching, research, clinical and counseling positions. They work in universities, elementary and secondary schools, private industry, and government.
  • You can find work helping kids if you only have a bachelor's or master's degree in psychology. But a PhD is required to use the title of psychologist.
  • A bachelor's degree in psychology qualifies a person to assist psychologists and other professionals in community mental health centers, vocational rehabilitation offices and correctional programs. However, without additional academic training their opportunities in psychology are very limited.
  • Some Universities require only basic psychology with courses in the biological, physical and social sciences, statistics and mathematics.


  • Region Average- U.S.
  • Annual EarningsAverage- National$70,190
  • Hourly Earnings- $33.74

School Portrait

Child Care Aide/Work

Description Of Job

  • Attends to children at schools, businesses, private households, and child care institutions. Performs a variety of tasks, such as dressing, feeding, bathing, and overseeing play.
  • Communicates with children's parents or guardians about daily activities, behaviors, and related issues
  • Keeps records on individual children, including daily observations and information about activities, meals served, and medications administered.
  • Supports children's emotional and social development, encouraging understanding of others and positive self-concepts.
  • You would often handle loads up to 20 lbs., sometimes up to 50 lbs. You might do a lot of lifting, carrying, pushing or pulling.


  • High School
  1. Education cluster and Early Childhood Education Pathway.
  2. Needs High School (GED)
  • After High School
  1. Do some volunteer work with children. This is a great way to see if you'd like child care. It also looks good on college, university or job applications.
  2. There is no one set training pathway to become a child-care worker. Many come to this kind of work with lots of experience with children, a certificate, a diploma or even a degree in child care.
  3. Diploma programs in child and youth care, varying from 10 months to three years, are available at many community colleges.

Requirements Needed For This Job

  1. Some employers prefer to hire child care workers who have earned a nationally recognized Child Development Associate (CDA) credential or the Certified Childcare Professional (CCP) designation from the Council for Professional Recognition and the National Child Care Association.
  2. Requirements include child care experience and coursework, such as college courses or employer-provided seminars.

Earnings (According To Georgia's average wages)

  1. Average Annual Wage- $18,990
  2. Entry Annual Wage- $15,850
  3. Experienced Annual Wage- $24,080
  4. Average Hourly Wage- $9.13
  5. Entry Hourly Wage- $7.62
  6. Experienced Hourly Wage- $11.58
  7. Median Hourly Wage- $8.72
A Wake-Up Story

Elementary School Teacher

Description Of Job

  • Instructs students individually and in groups, using various teaching methods such as lectures, discussions, and demonstrations.
  • Adapts teaching methods and instructional materials to meet students' varying needs and interests.
  • Prepares students for later grades by encouraging them to explore learning opportunities and to persevere with challenging tasks.
  • Prepares materials and classrooms for class activities.
  • Provides a variety of materials and resources for children to explore, manipulate, and use, both in learning activities and in imaginative play


  • Bachelor's degree
  • All 50 states and the District of Columbia require public school teachers to be licensed. Licensure is not required for teachers in private schools in most states. Requirements for regular licenses to teach kindergarten through Grade 12 vary by state.
  • However, all states require general education teachers to have a bachelor's degree and to have completed an approved teacher training program with a prescribed number of subject and education credits, as well as supervised practice teaching.
  • Public school teachers have to be licensed. The requirements to get your license vary by state -- most require a bachelor's degree and completion of an approved teacher training program. Other states require teachers to obtain a master's degree in education, which involves at least one year of additional coursework beyond the bachelor's degree


Average Annual Wage- $53,530

Entry Annual Wage- $37,600

Experienced Annual Wage- $72,420

Average Hourly Wage- $25.74

Entry Hourly Wage- $18.08

Experienced Hourly Wage- $34.82

Career Day