Jean Piaget ( 1896 - 1980)

Cognitive Theory

About Him

Jean Piaget was a Swiss philosopher and natural scientist, well known for his work studying children, his theory of cognitive development and for his epistemological view called "genetic epistemology." He was a professor of medieval literature at the University.Piaget’s theory identifies four developmental stages and the processes by which children progress through them.The four stages are: Sensorimotor stage (birth - 2 years old) –The child, through physical interaction with his or her environment, builds a set of concepts about reality and how it works. This is the stage where a child does not know that physical objects remain in existence even when out of sight (object permanance). Preoperational stage (ages 2-7) –The child is not yet able to conceptualize abstractly and needs concrete physical situations. Concrete operations (ages 7-11) –As physical experience accumulates, the child starts to conceptualize, creating logical structures that explain his or her physical experiences. Abstract problem solving is also possible at this stage. For example, arithmetic equations can be solved with numbers, not just with objects. Formal operations (beginning at ages 11-15) –By this point, the child’s cognitive structures are like those of an adult and include conceptual reasoning.

Do I Agree With Or Like This Theory

"He proposed that children's thinking does not develop entirely smoothly: instead, there are certain points at which it "takes off" and moves into completely new areas and capabilities. He saw these transitions as taking place at about 18 months, 7 years and 11 or 12 years