Five Major Religions
Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
•The Vedas are the oldest - about 3000 years old. They are a collection of hymns, prayers, and magic spells.
•The Upanishads are stories and parables told by gurus (teachers) to their students
•The Mahabharata is a story of a war between two royal families. The Bhagavad Gita is a very popular part of this text.
•The Ramayana is a story of the god Rama and the rescue of his wife Sita from Ravana, the evil demon king.
Everything in life is impermanent and always changing.
Because nothing is permanent, a life based on possessing things or persons doesn't make you happy.
There is no eternal, unchanging soul and "self" is just a collection of changing characteristics or attributes.
Human life has a lot of suffering.
The cause of suffering is greed.
There is an end to suffering.
The way to end suffering is to follow the Middle Path.
Buddha also taught people to walk the middle path and these were his ways to do it,
Right understanding and viewpoint (based on the Four Noble Truths).
Right values and attitude (compassion rather than selfishness).
Right speech (don't tell lies, avoid harsh, abusive speech, avoid gossip).
Right action (help others, live honestly, don't harm living things, take care of the environment).
Right work (do something useful, avoid jobs which harm others).
Right effort (encourage good, helpful thoughts, discourage unwholesome destructive thoughts).
Right mindfulness (be aware of what you feel, think and do).
Right meditation (calm mind, practice meditation which leads to nirvana).
This is a polytheistic religion.
Jewish people believe in the Torah, which was the whole of the laws given to the Israelities at Sinai. They believe they must follow God's laws which govern daily life. Later legal books, written by rabbis, determine the law as it applies to life in each new place and time.
The Ten Commandments, as written in the Torah, are:
•Worship no other God but me.
•Do not make images to worship.
•Do not misuse the name of God.
•Observe the Sabbath Day (Saturday). Keep it Holy.
•Honor and respect your father and mother.
•Do not murder.
•Do not commit adultery.
•Do not steal.
•Do not accuse anyone falsely. Do not tell lies about other people.
• Do not envy other's possessions.
One of the major holidays that they celebrate is Hanukkah. Very similar to Christmas in a way mainly the time of year.The Tenakh is the ancient collection of writings that are sacred to the Jews.
Judaism is a moly theistic religion.
Christianity began as a religion in Jerusalem, probably in the
year 29 or 30 AD. The book of Acts chapter 2 describes what most
Christians would say would be the starting point of the church and public
Christianity. During the weeks after his resurrection but before the
events on Pentecost as described in Acts chapter 2, Jesus discussed with
his disciples in detail regarding the Kingdom of God (Acts 1:3). Jesus
prophesied that he would give Peter the keys to the kingdom (Matthew
16:19), and from what we can see in Acts 2, Peter did indeed open up the
kingdom, the church of Jesus Christ on the earth, as this is the first
public preaching that we know of in which salvation through Jesus by
repentance and baptism was preached.
A major day that Christians celebrate is Christmas the day that Jesus is born.
The holy book is the bible. They believe,
Jesus died for our sins, was buried, was resurrected, and thereby offers salvation to all who will receive Him in faith. Unique among all other faiths, Christianity is more about a relationship than religious practices. Instead of adhering to a list of “do’s and don’ts,” the goal of a Christian is to cultivate a close walk with God. That relationship is made possible because of the work of Jesus Christ and the ministry of the Holy Spirit.
This is a moly theistic religion.
around 600 AD in the arabian peninsula. It started because the muslim prophet muhammed thought that jews and christians had lost their way.
Islam is very similar to christianity and judaism and is actually an Abramic or Abrahamic religion, meaning they believe in the same god as jews and christians except they have a different way of worshipping him/her/it.
Islam immediately expanded to the east and to africa and that is why there are so many muslims in asia and africa. Much of the middle east, especially syria and lebanon and turkey actually used to be christian strongholds but islam moved in and they converted to islam instead.
Muhammed claimed! to have been told by an angel to start islam and to write the quran. The islamic empire expanded rapidly after the death of muhammed by war, just like christianity.
- Muslims summarize their doctrine in six articles of faith:
1. Belief in one Allah: Muslims believe Allah is one, eternal, creator, and sovereign.
2. Belief in the angels
3. Belief in the prophets: The prophets include the biblical prophets but end with Muhammad as Allah’s final prophet.
4. Belief in the revelations of Allah: Muslims accept certain portions of the Bible, such as the Torah and the Gospels. They believe the Qur'an is the preexistent, perfect word of Allah.
5. Belief in the last day of judgment and the hereafter: Everyone will be resurrected for judgment into either paradise or hell.
6. Belief in predestination: Muslims believe Allah has decreed everything that will happen. Muslims testify to Allah’s sovereignty with their frequent phrase,inshallah, meaning, “if god wills it."
- The Islamic holy book is known as the Quran where their beliefs are written. It is a moly theistic religion.