Fracking

A danger to land, water, and us all

Warning- Still Under construction

What is Fracking?

Fracking, also know as hydraulic fracturing, is a process of breaking through shale rock with a water, sand and chemical mixture.

Effects on Water

A single well can be “Fracked” several times, each time using 6 million gallons of fresh water. Only 30-50% of the chemical compound used in fracking is removed afterwards. The rest of it is left in the ground to possibly contaminate the groundwater. In a recent study, it is found that drinking water in homes less than one mile from a fracking well show methane concentrations 6 times higher than homes farther away.

Effects on Land

Another worry some part of fracking is what is done with the leftover compound. Companies have been known to put the reacquired chemical compounds back in the ground, raising the subsurface pressure, and causing earthquakes. This year, Oklahoma has already had a total of 253 earthquakes, 30 more than last year’s total of 222. The increase in earthquakes has corresponded with the amount of fracking in the area. Although most are unfelt, the only state that has more yearly earthquakes, and it lie on a tectonic boundaries.

Questions

1. How much of the chemical compound used infracting is retrieved after the process is complete.


2. What would be some of the effects of the water pollution from fracking affect the population of an area? (both of humans and wildlife)

Conclusion

Both events that are destroying the land we live on and water we drink are direct results of fracking, which if not stopped, will continue to threaten the environment.

If fracking is not stopped, the Southwestern US might become one of the least desirable places to live, with water polluted beyond sustaining life, and earthquakes as bad as California.