Will Finley 1763-1776
Navigation Acts 1650'S
The Navagations Acts took place in 1650.This Act made all raw materials have to go to England and all manufactured goods had to be bought from England.The colonies could not manufacture any goods.If the southern colonies wanted to trade with the New England colonies the items wishing to. Be traded had to first go all the way to England then to the New England colonies.The Sugar Act was another Act in the Navagation Acts.This placed a tax on sugar coming from the French West Indies.Thismade the colonists have to be more expensive British sugar
The Proclamation of 1763
After the French and Indian war Britain got all land east of the Mississippi River.British soldiers were kept in the Ohio River Valley and the Indians didn't like it so,led by Indian Cheif Pontiac,the Indians rebelled.King George the third issued the proclamation that set the Appalachian mountains as the border for the British colonies so they could not have anymore conflicts with the Indains.
The Stamp Act
The Stamp Act taxed all paper goods with a stamp that had to be stamped on and paid for.This was another way the British were attempting to pay for the French and Indain wat debt.Samual Adams and his sons of liberty sent out letters on what to do about the stamp act and how to avoid it.The colonies all had the idea that they should tax themselves and nine delegates met and wrote King George a letter asking him to reapeal the Stamp Act.This meeting was called the Stamp Act Congress.King George with little choice reapealed the Act.
Stamp Act protests caused Britain to send troops to the colonies.The Quartering Act was also passed this made the colonists have to feed clothe and shelter British soliders.It also gave British soliders the power to search homes whenever they want and they don't need a a search warrants.The colonists didn't like their homes being searched with blank search warrants and housing British soliders was costly.
The Townsend Acts taxed household items like tea,paper and glass.The Daughters of Liberty started boycotting these goods by making their own.The Townsend Acts was eventually reapealed but, they continued to tax tea.The Sons of Liberty led by Samual Adams used acts of violence against British tax collectors and officials
On March 5th 1770, a angry crowd gathered in Boston in front of a group of British soldiers. Tensions started rising as the colonists aggravated the soldiers and then the soldiers fought back.They fired into the crowd killing 5 colonists.This was known as the Boston Massacre. The Sons of Liberty used this as anti British propaganda. While John Adams defended the soldiers.
Boston Tea Party & The Tea Act
The Tea Act made the British East India Compony the only compony that could sell tea to the colonies.This gave the British East India Compony a monopoly over tea in the colonies.Even though it made the price of tea lower it mad the colonists have to pay imported taxes to Britain.The Sons of Liberty dressed up as Indians and dumped 342 crates of tea into Boston Harbor.
The Intolerable Acts were what the colonists called the Coercive Acts.Some of these laws stopped all trade between Boston and Britain and closed the Boston Harbor. This also strengthened the Quatering Act and stop all trade between the colonies.This stirred even more resentment towards Britain.