Johannes Gutenberg is the one credited with this. Before he invented it then you would have to write by hand.
What Year it originated:
The printing press was a revolutionary piece of technology that happened in the 15th century. The modern computer printers began in 1938.
the invention and its development:
It works by applying pressure the the surface with ink on it to a thin surface like cloth, paper, etc and the ink transfers over. This led to the movable type, screw press, and more to develop in the future.
Its purpose has not really changed because it is still to be quicker and more convenient.