Themes and Main Ideas

Themes from The Book of Job and The Epic of Gilgamesh

Physical Pain

Job went through a time of physical pain. "Then Satan went out from the presence of the Lord and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head."

Job was chastised and physically pained by Satan to test his faith in God.

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Emotional Pain

Job lost his children and all of his possessions. "Your sons and your daughters were eating and drinking wine in the house of their brother, the firstborn. And, look, a great wind came from beyond the wilderness and struck the four corners of the house, and it fell on the young people, and they died." Job kept his faith.
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Spiritual Pain

Job cried out, "My God, Why?"

After everything that Job had experience and went through, he wanted answers and he wanted to know why he was being punished. He could not possibly understand. Job wanted to know why the Lord was putting Job through the hardships.

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Emotional Pain

Job went through his trials and tribulations just as Gilgamesh did. Gilgamesh suffered the loss of his friend and grieved for a very long time. Like Job, Gilgamesh suffered emotionally and wanted answers. Gilgamesh cried, "I weep for you bitterly." He grieved for his dear friend Enkidu.
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