Birmingham Church Bombing

By:Alliyssa Earle

Birmingham Church Bombing

The Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham was used as a meeting-place for civil rights leaders such as Martin Luther King, Ralph David Abernathy and Fred Shutterworth. Stree became high when the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) and the Congress on Racial Equality (CORE) became involved in a campaign to register African American to vote in Birmingham.

On Sunday, 15th September, 1963, a white man was seen getting out of a white and turquoise Chevrolet car and placing a box under the steps of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church. Soon afterwards, at 10.22 a.m., the bomb exploded killing Denise McNair (11), Addie Mae Collins (14), Carole Robertson (14) and Cynthia Wesley (14). The four girls had been attending Sunday school classes at the church. Twenty-three other people were also hurt by the blast.

Civil rights opponents blamed George Wallace, the Governor of Alabama, for the killings. Only a week before the bombing he had told the New York Times that to stop integration Alabama needed a "few first-class funerals."

A witness identified Robert Chambliss, a member of the Ku Klux Klan, as the man who placed the bomb under the steps of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church. He was arrested and charged with murder and possessing a box of 122 sticks of dynamite without a permit. On 8th October, 1963, Chambliss was found not guilty of murder and received a hundred-dollar fine and a six-month jail sentence for having the dynamite.

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Who did it

The 16th Street Baptist Church bombing which occurred at the African-American 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham Alabama on Sunday, September 15, 1963, when four members of the KU KLUX KLAN planted at least 15 sticks of dynamite

About the Girls

Addie Mae Collins was a 14-year-old murder victim whose 1963 death focused public attention on racial violence in the South. Addie Mae Collins age 14, Carol Denise McNair Age 11 Carole Robertson age 14 and Cynthia Wesley age 14 ddie Mae Collins , Carol Denise McNair Carole Robertson (age 14), and ...