Polio

By: Sienna Gussler & Rhiaunna Paulus

Type of Pathogen

Polio is in the family of Picornauiridae

History

-First outbreak occurred in Vermont in 1894 with 132 cases

-First clinical description was made in Britain in 1789


----- 3 Types of Polio ------

1. Spinal

2. Bulbular (brain stem)

3. Bulbospinal (both)

Symptoms ( Nonparylitic )

Pain

- Headache

- Neck, back and limb

- Abdominal

Flu-like

- Fever

- Vomiting

- Lethargy

Symptoms ( Paralitic )

Muscles

- Loss of reflexes

- Muscle weakness/pain

- Loose/floppy limbs

Post-polio

- Progressive muscle / joint weakness and pain

- Fatigue

- Muscle atrophy

- Breathing / swallowing problems

- Sleep-related disorders

- Chills / cold

- Poor concentration

- Mood swings / depression

How polio is spread

- Contact with the feces of an infected person

- Can live for many weeks

- Droplets from a sneeze or cough


Treatment

- No cure

- Medicines to control symptoms

- Fluids

- Rest until fever drops

- Antibiotics for bacterial infections

- Breathing machine

- Heat / physical therapy to stimulate muscles

Prevention

- Polio vaccinations

- Good hygiene

Interesting Facts

- 95% of polio cases people don't have symptoms

- As of 2012 5 countries remain infected Afghanistan, Chad, Nigeria, Pakistan and Niger

- There's 4 types of vaccinations

- Children under 5 compose 50% of victims

- Cost of the polio vaccine in the U.S is only 11 cents