American Revolution Main Cause

By: Angelina Abbott

The Boston Massacre

On March 5th 1770 in Boston Massachusetts during a troubled time period between the British and the Colonists a colonist boy was yelling insults to British soldiers and was then hit on the ear with a rifle by one of them. The boy screamed and many other colonists ran to see what had happened. Church bells rang and fire alarms went off as the crowd increased. The crowd said terrible things to the British soldiers and through snow and other objects at them. (Kindig).The colonists yelled at them daring them to fire not realizing that they actually might. One of the colonists knocked one of the soldiers to the ground and then firing from the soldiers began. Five men died including a 17 year old boy. Although the court declared the British soldiers innocent to this day there is still a debate over who is truly at fault for The Boston Massacre. (Abc-clio). The Boston Massacre was one of the first big problems the colonists and the British had. It showed the colonists were not going down without a fight and that things were going to get worse. It was the first physical issue that caused deaths between them and it angered the colonists much more. It lead to many other issues and basically foreshadowed the war.

Paul Revere

Paul Revere was a silver smith from Boston Massachusetts born in 1735. Although he is well known as the messenger for the American Revolution he played a big part in the Boston Massacre. (Abc-clio). He is responsible for the most famous painting of the Boston Massacre called “The Bloody Massacre in King-Street”. It was completed 3 weeks after the Boston Massacre and gave the people a visual idea of what had happened. According to the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History It was known as "The most effective piece of war propaganda in American history". But it was not an accurate description of the actual event. It shows a prepared line of British soldiers shooting into a hopeless American crowd.(The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History).

His painting spread rapidly throughout the colonies. Giving everyone a false image of what actually happened. He blamed it entirely on the British soldiers when in reality the colonists played a part in the massacre too. It was the only image people could put into there minds if they were not actually at the massacre themselves. Because of this it became known that the British were at fault despite the court declaring them innocent. Without Paul Reveres painting the people would not have had a visual idea of what may have happened and they would have been less angry because the only thing they would've had to go by was word of mouth. Also because without this painting the colonies as a whole would not have been as angry with the British which also could have prevented future problems including the war as a whole.

Thesis: The Boston Massacre became the main cause of the American Revolution due to Paul Revere's interpretation which spread across the colonies.

Research Log


1.Source: "Boston Massacre." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.


Summary/ How it relates to the project: This source talks about The Boston Massacre and how it lead to the American Revolution. It explains in full detail the steps that lead to the Boston Massacre and what happened afterward. It also touches on John Adams and the trial that followed.


2. Source: Kindig, Thomas. "The Boston Massacre." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2015.


Summary/ How it relates to the project: This website gives me more detailed information on The Boston Massacre. It talks about the laws and courts at the time of The Massacre which affected the reasoning for The Massacre and the trial that followed. This is run by an organization that tells me how to cite it.


3. Source:O'Brien, Steven G. "John Adams." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.

Summary/ How it relates to the project: This source explains in detail John Adams. It talks about his contributions to the Boston Massacre and his trial. It says how he defended the british in trial and won. It also Talks about how it was started by his cousin.



4. Source: Roux, Renee. "Paul Revere." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.


Summary/ How it relates to the project: This database talks about Paul Revere and how his painting of The Boston Massacre had a major impact on the colonies. It says how it was the only image people in the colonies saw so it was what they believed. Also how it was debated whether or not Paul’s interpretation was valid or not.



5. Source:Sowards, Adam M. "American Revolution." American History. ABC-CLIO, 2015. Web. 3 Dec. 2015.



Summary/ How it relates to the project: This explains the American Revolution over all and all the details of it. It discusses every event that leads up to it and the importance of each event. Abc-clio is a very reliable data base. It always gives me every piece of information i need to cite.



6. Source:"The Boston Massacre Trials." John Adams Historical Society. John Adams Heritage, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2015.


Summary/ How it relates to the project: This article talks about the trials after The Boston Massacre happened. It discusses how John Adams fought for the British instead of his own people and all the commotion it caused. Also it debates who was at fault for the start of The Boston Massacre. This article is very reliable because it has an about us page and shows me what to cite. It is run by a society that discusses historical events.


7. Source:Watts, Linda S. "Revolutionary War and American folklore." Encyclopedia of American Folklore. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2007. Bloom's Literature. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 3 Dec. 2015



Summary/ How it relates to the project: This article talks about the war as a whole and all the events that lead up to it. It talks about the main causes of the war and how they affected the war. It debates the main causes and who is really at fault. This is a reliable database because it gives me full citations and reliable information.