Herbert Spencer

Biologist Sociologist

Early Background

Born in April 27 1820, in Derbyshire England. He was the son of William George Spencer, who ran a school based on the teaching methods of Johan Pestalozzi. The school was also founded by Erasmus Darwin, who was the grandfather of Charles Darwin. Herbert was lower-middle class.


Major Ideas

  • Evolution- The process of living things developing over thousands of years


  • Positivism-A philosophical system that holds that every rationally justifiable assertion can be scientifically verified or is capable of logical or mathematical proof, and that therefore rejects metaphysics and theism
  • utilitarianism- The doctrine that actions are right if they useful or for the benefit of a majority

Other Details

  • Was a writer
  • Victorian Era
  • Psychologist
  • Egotistical