By Mia Magaña
American colonization society
- The American Colonization Society, founded in 1816 to assist free black people in emigrating to Africa, was the brainchild of the Reverend Robert Finley, a Presbyterian minister from Basking Ridge, New Jersey.
- President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.
New National Culture
- - The Hudson river school
- The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement embodied by a group of landscape painters whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism . The paintings for which the movement is named depict the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding area, including the Catskill, Adirondack, and the White Mountains; eventually works by the second generation of artists associated with the school expanded to include other locales in New England, The Maritimes , the American West, and SouthAmerica
John James Audubon
John James Audubon
- John James Audubon, born Jean-Jacques Audubon, was an American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter.
- Richard Allen was a minister writer and educator, and one of America's most active and influential black leaders. In 1974 he founded the African American episcopal church The first independent black denomination in the United States .
Resistance to slavery
- Slaves in the United States used a number of measures to show resistance to slavery. These methods arose after the first slaves arrived in North America in 1619
- Slavery created an economic system that persisted until 1865 when the Thirteenth amendment abolished the practice.
- But before slavery was abolished, slaves had three available methods to resist slavery: they could rebel against slaveholders, they could run away, or they could perform small, daily acts of resistance, such as slowing down work. (covert and overt rebellion)