By Mia Magaña

American colonization society

  • The American Colonization Society, founded in 1816 to assist free black people in emigrating to Africa, was the brainchild of the Reverend Robert Finley, a Presbyterian minister from Basking Ridge, New Jersey.
  • President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863.

New National Culture

  • - The Hudson river school
  1. The Hudson River School was a mid-19th century American art movement embodied by a group of landscape painters whose aesthetic vision was influenced by romanticism . The paintings for which the movement is named depict the Hudson River Valley and the surrounding area, including the Catskill, Adirondack, and the White Mountains; eventually works by the second generation of artists associated with the school expanded to include other locales in New England, The Maritimes , the American West, and SouthAmerica

Resistance to slavery

  • Slaves in the United States used a number of measures to show resistance to slavery. These methods arose after the first slaves arrived in North America in 1619
  • Slavery created an economic system that persisted until 1865 when the Thirteenth amendment abolished the practice.
  • But before slavery was abolished, slaves had three available methods to resist slavery: they could rebel against slaveholders, they could run away, or they could perform small, daily acts of resistance, such as slowing down work. (covert and overt rebellion)