Greek Mythology

zoe nelson

WHAT IS GREEK MYTHOLOGY?

Greek mythology is a collection of myths and beliefs that the ancient greeks believes in. It served a religion and ideology. It all surrounds the basic ideas of gods and heroes, the origin/nature of the world, and the significance of everything.

Most of what we know today is based off of a large collections of writings and arts (such as vase paintings and sculptures). Also written in a poetic form; greek literature.

A few epic poems were written about people who were believed to be heroes and their conquests.

TIME PERIOD?

5th century BC - Hellenistic Age and Roman Empire.

(900-800 BC onward)

PRINCIPAL GODS

THERE ARE 12 OLYMPIAN GODS

1. ZEUS

God of the skies and heaven, king of the gods.

2. POSEIDON

God of the sea and creator of horses.

3. APOLLO

God of the sun, music, poetry, prophecy, and plague.

4. ARES

God of war, destruction, and slaughter.

5. DIONYSUS

God of wine, intoxication, madness, and inspiration.

6. HERMES

God of divine worship/sacrifice. Also the messenger god.

7. HEPHAESTUS

God of fire and smiths.

8. APHRODITE

Goddess of love, sexuality, and beauty.

9. ATHENA

Goddess of wisdom, crafts, strategy, and science.

10. ARTEMIS

Goddess of the moon, animals, birth, and the hunt.

11. DEMETER

Goddess of agriculture and grain.

12. HERA

Goddess of marriage and Queen of the Gods.

THE CREATION OF MANKIND BY PROMETHEUS

The god Zeus gave the task of creating mankind to the titans Prometheus and Epimetheus. Once Epimetheus created the animal kingdom with fur, wings, horns, shells etc, he ran out of ideas for man so he turned to Prometheus for help. Once Prometheus took over he wanted to make sure mankind was superior to all of the animals. He gives them 2 advantages; he makes them to stand upright on two legs like the gods, and he travels to the sun and brings fire back down to earth for the humans.
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CREATURES

In greek mythology there was a belief in many mythical creatures; cyclops, giants, tree nymphs, sirens, centaurs, medusa, pegasus, and gorgons.