Water Pollution

Casey Keller P.1B

Climate change impacts our water supplies and could lead do bad things, according to Sandra Postel, the founder of the Global Water Policy Project.

"She views the world through a water lens and is often asked to provide the “big picture” in her talks—from the likely impacts of climate change on water supplies and of dams on freshwater biodiversity to groundwater depletion, water wars, food security, and the critical importance of conservation and better management to solving the world’s water problems"

Water is being polluted with chemicals like powdered activated carbon right now, according to the Clarence Cannon Wholesale Water Commission's general manager, Mark McNally.

"In northeast Missouri, for example, the Clarence Cannon Wholesale Water Commission treats 1.5 billion gallons of water each year. On a walk through the plant, Mark McNally, the commission's general manager, points out a massive, 900-pound bag of powdered activated carbon being funneled into untreated water"

The water is becoming polluted and losing nutrients because of the ongoing problem of runoff, according to water quality specialist Bob Broz from the University of Missouri Extension.

"Whether we want to blame it on climate change or just variability in the weather conditions, anytime you have these heavier rainfalls during the spring, after a drier period when you could have got something put in the field, you're going to see, in most cases, a large amount of runoff," says Bob Broz, a water quality specialist with the University of Missouri Extension."It's been happening for years," he says. "The problem is now we seem to be seeing more of these more intense rainfalls. And that, in turn, creates a huge amount of nutrient loss."

Water pollution affects our health.

The presence of contaminants in water can lead to adverse health effects, including gastrointestinal illness, reproductive problems, and neurological disorders. Infants, young children, pregnant women, the elderly, and people whose immune systems are compromised because of AIDS, chemotherapy, or transplant medications, may be especially susceptible to illness from some contaminants.

We can help prevent water pollution by...

-DO NOT pour fat from cooking or any other type of fat, oil, or grease down the sink. Keep a “fat jar” under the sink to collect the fat and discard in the solid waste when full.

-DO NOT dispose of household chemicals or cleaning agents down the sink or toilet.

-DO NOT flush pills, liquid or powder medications or drugs down the toilet.

-Avoid using the toilet as a wastebasket. Most tissues, wrappers, dust cloths, and other paper goods should be properly discarded in a wastebasket. The fiber reinforced cleaning products that have become popular should never be discarded in the toilet.

-Avoid using a garbage disposal. Keep solid wastes solid. Make a compost pile from vegetable scraps.Install a water efficient toilet. In the meantime, put a brick or 1/2 gal container in the standard toilet tank to reduce water use per flush.

-Run the dishwasher or clothes washer only when you have a full load. This conserves electricity and water.

-Use the minimum amount of detergent and/or bleach when you are washing clothes or dishes. Use only phosphate free soaps and detergents.

-Minimize the use of pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers. DO NOT dispose of these chemicals, motor oil, or other automotive fluids into the sanitary sewer or storm sewer systems. Both of them end at the river.

-If your home has a sump pump or cellar drain, make certain it does not drain into the sanitary sewer system.

Works Cited

"How to Clean Up Our Water." Water Contamination. Natural Resources Defense Counsil, 22 Aug. 2012. Web. 08 Apr. 2015.

"Sandra Postel, Freshwater Conservationist, Facts, Biography, Photos -- National Geographic." National Geographic. National Geographic, n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2015.

"Small Community Water Supply Management." WHO. World Health Organization, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2015.

"Ten Things You Can Do To Reduce Water Pollution." Ten Things You Can Do To Reduce Water Pollution. Simsbury Connecticut, n.d. Web. 20 Apr. 2015.

"US Environmental Protection Agency." Choice Reviews Online 35.08 (1998): 35-4455. Http://www2.epa.gov/. EPA, 15 Oct. 2009. Web. 6 Apr. 2015.

"Water-related Diseases and Contaminants in Public Water Systems." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 07 Apr. 2014. Web. 06 Apr. 2015.

"What Are the Effects of Water Pollution." What Are the Effects of Water Pollution. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Apr. 2015.

"What Is Farm Runoff Doing To The Water? Scientists Wade In." What Is Farm Runoff Doing To The Water? Scientists Wade In. NPR the Salt, n.d. Web. 14 Apr. 2015.