Class Divisions in the 1930s

by Sam and Phillip

What is a Class Division?

a class division "refers to social inequalities with an economic base, that is, inequalities that are rooted in a society’s systems for producing value and distributing scarce resources." (Roberts, Ken, and Gary Pollock, page 1) government uses "family income to measure class"; so if there's a big family who brings in a large income, their considered high class. (Brewer, Mark D., and Jeffrey M. Stonecash, page 137)

High Class

In the 1930s, the high class was the highest 'point' on the 'ladder'. They were the people who could afford a lot, get good education, and had tons of money. They also got really high maintenance, high political sororities, and housing that was really expensive back in the day. "The inner city has also struggled to maintain economic viability during the rise of the suburbs" which allows the higher class to move to higher title houses, middle class to be in the suburbs, and the lower class to live in the less valued homes in the suburbs. (Shultz, Benjamin J., page 552)

Middle Class

The middle class is kind of on both side. Apart of the higher class and apart of the lower class. That's why their called the middle class. The middle class gets some of the advantages of the higher class, but some of the disadvantages of the lower class. Like, these people might be living in big houses (high) but not in the same neighborhood or in the same price range (low). "As well as color, age was not a consistent predictor of performance" means that children who wanted an education but were poor and possibly African American, wouldn't get into a better school compared to a rich kid applying to the same school. Also, their age has a role in the decision making. (Evans, Judith Lewis. page 13)

Low Class

The low class is the 'bottom-of-the-food chain'. These are the people that get picked on the most by the higher class. Like, how freshman get picked on and get taken advantage of; their like that. They live in the smaller houses that aren't worth a lot. They don't collect a big income, and their the least people to get hired for a job. In this class, "less inequality in health and educational achievements between social groups than is

observed" is proven because lower class people can't afford good health care. (Mukherjee, Subrata, Slim Haddad, and Delampady Narayana)

True or False?

1. If someone has a lot of money, they'd be in the lower class. (F)

2. Class division is separated only by age. (F)

3. Middle class is middle of both high and low classes. (T)

Works Cited and Summaries

  1. This piece of evidence supports our topic- 1930s south class divisions- by stating that the social class, and lower class, middle class, and high class are different in the “pyramid” of classification. it shows how different the classes are and how certain classes overlap the other one or overpower one another.


Roberts, Ken, and Gary Pollock. "New Class Divisions In The New Market Economies: Evidence From The Careers Of Young Adults In Post-Soviet Armenia, Azerbaijan And Georgia." Journal Of Youth Studies 12.5 (2009): 579-596. Academic Search Complete. Web. 9 Apr. 2013.

  1. 2. In this piece of evidence, it shows how expensive health care is for the different classes. Some classes couldn’t afford health care like the lower classes, but the higher classes could afford really good health care compared to nothing.



Mukherjee, Subrata, Slim Haddad, and Delampady Narayana. "Social Class Related Inequalities In Household Health Expenditure And Economic Burden: Evidence From Kerala, South India." International Journal For Equity In Health 10.1 (2011): 1-13. Academic Search Complete. Web. 9 Apr. 2013.




    3. Evidence number three shows how the education differs between class ranges. For the lower class, they get a different type of education because of how wealthy they are and their location. And so on for the other classes. It depends on location(nice neighborhoods) and how wealthy the family is(rich or poor).




Evans, Judith Lewis. "Learning To Classify By Color And By Class: A Study Of Concept Discovery Within Colombia, South America." Journal Of Social Psychology 97.1 (1975): 3. Academic Search Complete. Web. 9 Apr. 2013.

  1. 4. States how every class has a different standard of living. One class can have really high maintenance, high political sororities, and a lot of money. Another class may have not a lot of money, low expectations, and a “so-so” education.



Shultz, Benjamin J. "Emerging Patterns Of Growth And Change In The Southeast." Southeastern Geographer 51.4 (2011): 550-563. Academic Search Complete. Web. 9 Apr. 2013.

  1. 5. Says that all economic and social issues come from class divisions. Class divisions were impacted because lower class whites were likely to feel threatened by black advances.




Brewer, Mark D., and Jeffrey M. Stonecash. "Class, Race Issues, And Declining White Support For The Democratic Party In The South." Political Behavior 23.2 (2001): 131-155. Academic Search Complete. Web. 9 Apr. 2013.