How the Federal Court System Works
by Mackenzie Holcombe
District Court - The first level of Federal Court
Court of Appeals - The second level of federal court
1. Uphold the original decision
2. Overturn the decision
3. Remand, or send it back to the district court to be tried again
During the case, one appellate judge will write an opinion that explains the legal thinking behind the courts decision. That opinion will set a precedent, or model, for other judges to follow when making their own decisions for cases.
Officials in Courts
A magistrate judge is a judge that decides if the accused should be held in jail or released on bail.
U.S. Attorneys are government lawyers who prosecute people accused of breaking federal laws. They also represent the U.S. in government involved cases.
U.S. Marshalls make arrests, collect fines, and take convicts to prison.