Events Leading Up To The Civil War

By:AbHiNaV YaRlAgAdDa

The Compromise of 1820-Missouri Compromise

The Compromise of 1820, was an effort by the U.S Senate and house Representatives to maintain balance between slave holding states, and free states. The slave holding states feared that if they become outnumbered in the Congressional representation they would lose the power to protect their interests, property, and trade. The Northerners did not want to add Missouri as a slave state fearing they would lose power in the Senate, and not be able to control legislation of slavery.So they made a line dividing the US into Northern and Southern territories. The Missouri Compromise contributed to the civil war by creating a conflict between Northerners and Southerners for control, power, and slaves.

The Compromise of 1850

The Compromise of 1850 was consisting of adding California as a free state, lowering the Missouri compromise line. The South didn't like that because if the North if gets California, then the south had to get something. The South then made a compromise with the North that, if they get California, then they want a law placed that stated that if a slave ran away from his owner into the North than the people at the North have to return that slave to his owner at the South, known as the Fugitive Slave Law. The Compromise of 1850 contributed to the Civil War by creating a big argument between North, and the South about the Fugitive Slave law because the North didn't like that law, but they still agreed because they wanted California.
Fugitive Slave Law

The Dred Scott Decision of 1857

Dred Scott was a slave, who went to a free territory with his owner. After his owner died his wife took over his role to own him. Dred did not like her one bit. She wanted to sell his family! Dred made a lawsuit to gain his freedom. But when he did the Government denied his request saying whether or not he was free, or a slave he could never be a U.S. citizen, so that me he couldn't sue. It lead to the civil war because when the Supreme Court said that nobody could ban Slavery it infuriated the North into antislavery attitudes.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act Of 1854

The Kansas-Nebrska act was passed by the U.S. Congress on May 30, 1854. It stated if wether or not Kansas or Nebraska wanted slavery within their borders or not, so they had popular sovereignty. The Kansas-Nebrask act infuriated many Northerners who thought that the Missouri Compromise would be a binding agreement. In the pro-slavery South it was strongly supported. The pro-slavery guys won the election and where charged with election fraud. As a result the Congress did not like the adaptation by the pro-slavery guys so Kansas was not a state. Eventually however Kansas was joined as a Union state right before the Civil War on Jan 29th, 1861.

John Browns Raid Of 1859

John Brown was an abolitionist from the North. And him and his 3 sons thought they could end slavery. So they collected an army of 21 men, including 5 blacks, and on the night of October 16 raided the Government Armory, and arsenal at the Harpers Ferry. From there he planned to arm thousands of slaves, and them learning of his plan would rush to his side. Instead, numerous bands of military , and a company of the U.S. Marines of Bvt.Col. Robert E. Lee. went quickly to the river village, where they trapped the raiders inside the fire engine house, and on the 18th stormed the building. The fighting ended with 10 of Browns people killed, and 7 captured, which he was among them. It scared a lot of Southerners into believing that the abolitionists from the North would stir up more slave rebellions in the South.