Year 8 Volleyball Unit
Dig, Set and Spike your way to Volleyball stardom
There are two main kinds of competitive volleyball played in the world right now. They are team volleyball and beach volleyball. Both are Olympic sports and have competitive leagues. Team volleyball is played indoors on a hard court with 6 people per team. Beach volleyball is played outdoors on the sand with 2 players per team.
Object of the game
- Hitting the volleyball illegally - you must strike the ball in a manner such that you don't hold the ball or palm, carry, or throw it.
- Stepping over or on the line while serving
- Not hitting the ball over the net
- Touching the net
- Reaching under the net and interfering with a player or the ball
- Not serving in the correct order
- Hitting the volleyball out of bounds
- Double hitting - when the same player hits the ball twice in a row
- Hitting the ball more than 3 times
- The server strikes the ball while it is still in contact with the support hand
- the underarm serve
- the overarm serve
Either serve is used to begin every rally, and can be played from anywhere behind the baseline.
- Hold the ball on the open palm of their non-hitting hand
- Point the ball at the centre of the opponent's court, but WATCH the ball
- Stay low and bending forward
- Stand with the same foot forward as their non-hitting hand
- Strike the ball with a flat fist
- Just before contact, drag their support palm away so the ball is in mid air
- Hold the ball out in front of their body with their non-hitting hand. Have their hitting hand back in the ready position
- Stand with their same foot forward as their non-hitting hand
- Guide the ball up (2-3 feet) in front of their hitting hand
- Step and swing through the ball with hitting hitting hand from the ready position
- Make firm contact with the ball at arm's length using the base of the palm
- For the correct grip, keep palms one on top of the other, then place the two thumbs together
- Lock elbows straight
- Make contact with the ball on the fleshy forearms of both arms simultaneously, between the wrists and elbows
- Stand with one foot forward with knees bent
- Use the legs to get into position
- NEVER bend the elbows
Use of the dig
- Form a triangle with the two thumbs as a base and the index fingers as the sides
- Place the triangle in front of their face and curl the their hands in the shape of the ball.
- Spread other fingers, keeping elbows out and take the ball with soft hands in front of eyes, pushing it with their triangle and other fingers.
The ball should never touch the palms, as that is a carry. The power sequence for the shot is:
- leg push
- arm push
- wrist flick
- finger push
A good set loops 2 metres above the net and is parallel to the net
To complete the shot players must:
- Take a 3 step run up, finishing with a two foot vertical takeoff. If you are right handed, your approach should be "left foot, right foot-left foot, jump" and vice-versa if you are left handed.
- As you take the last 2 step, extend arms down and backwards and bend knees.
- You want to make contact with the ball in front of you, not directly overhead. Keep eyes on the ball and as you jump swing arms up and in front of you. Aim to have an arch in your back which will provide more power. Use arms in a swinging motion to get higher above the net.
- When in the air, point to the ball with non-hitting hand, and pull your hitting hand back so that the back of your hand is right next to your ear - as if you're pulling a bow and arrow.
- Extend the hitting hand straight out above you, and hit the ball, contacting the upper half of the ball with the heel of your open hand at the very top of your swing.
- Snap your wrist downward to impart topspin and direct the ball down into your opponent's court while spreading your fingers.
- Follow through by bringing your arm down "through" the ball and next to your body.
- Bend knees to absorb the shock when landing.
- with the block there is no run up
- players make a two-foot vertical takeoff but do not touch the net.
- spread the fingers of both hands. The player's hands should be less than a ball width apart.
- Time jump with that of the spiker
- players are allowed to place their hands just over the net so that the ball rebounds off the blocker's hands down onto the spiker's side of the net.
Players move to the defensive positions as soon as their team returns the ball over the net. The front line players stay close to the net to block any opposition spikes. The CB player stays very deep to dig any deep spikes. The RB and LB court players move up behind the blockers, ready to dig a ball that comes through the blocker's hands.
Defending the spike
The back court player on the side opposite to that from which the opposition is spiking moves to about half court so that they cover the angled cross court spike. The aim of all players in the defence is to dig or set the ball to the CF player.
S = Spiker
Receiving the serve
When receiving the serve the CF player stays at the net. The CB player moves into the centre of the court. The RF and LF players move to the junction of the side and spike lines. The LB and RB players cover the back corners.
Defending the spike
S = Spiker
Receiving the serve
- a dig comes into CF from one of the 5 players forming an 'umbrella' around the CF player.
- CF sets a high ball, parallel with the net, out to the nearest front corner.
- the front corner player runs in and spikes